Student Motivation: Current Theories, Constructs, and Interventions Within an Expectancy-Value Framework

  • Chris S. HullemanEmail author
  • Kenneth E. Barron
  • Jeff J. Kosovich
  • Rory A. Lazowski
Part of the The Springer Series on Human Exceptionality book series (SSHE)


Understanding student motivation, and its relationship to learning outcomes, is a central task for both researchers and practitioners. The expectancy-value framework offers a multidimensional approach to describing student motivation within educational contexts. Both expectancy and value have their own rich, independent bodies of literature. In an effort to help organize existing knowledge of this research area, the first purpose of our chapter is to offer separate, historical reviews of expectancy and value constructs. The second purpose of our chapter is to consider integrative approaches that combine expectancy and value constructs within the same model. The final purpose of our chapter is to highlight an emerging body of intervention work designed to influence and improve students’ expectancies and values. By identifying the sources of expectancy and value that are amenable to change, we can help teachers and schools diagnose why students struggle and what practitioners can proactively do to enhance student motivation.


Motivation Expectancy Value Expectancy-value theory Cost Improving motivation Control cognitions Intrinsic motivation Extrinsic motivation Achievement motivation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris S. Hulleman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kenneth E. Barron
    • 2
  • Jeff J. Kosovich
    • 1
  • Rory A. Lazowski
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Educational Leadership, Policy, and FoundationsUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyJames Madison UniversityHarrisonburgUSA
  3. 3.K-12 ResearchThe College BoardYardleyUSA

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