Advertisement

Tribelaceae

Tribelaceae (Engl.) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. 18: 269 (1965).Tribeleae Engl. in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., 2nd edn, 18a: 111 (1930) (‘Tribeliseae’).
  • A. BacklundEmail author
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 14)

Abstract

Small creeping subshrubs, roots developing from the nodes; entire plant glabrous. Leaves alternate, pinnately veined with sheathing leaf-bases, simple, glaucescent, leaf margins entire but conspicuously tridentate at leaf tip. Flowers solitary, terminal, bisexual, ± actinomorphic, pentamerous; sepals basally fused, imbricate in bud, persistent; petals appearing distinct, imbricate or slightly contorted in bud; stamens oppositisepalous, distinct and isomerous with the petals, anthers basifixed, dithecal and tetrasporangiate; ovary epigynous, of three carpels, syncarpous, trilocular, style simple, stigma tri-lobed; fertile ovules numerous, anatropous, unitegmic, tenuinucellate. Fruit a many-seeded, ovate, loculicidal leathery capsule, seeds remaining attached to fruit axis after dehiscence. Endosperm nuclear, seeds small, rounded to obovate, testa black.

Keywords

Calcium Oxalate Leaf Margin Calcium Oxalate Crystal Floral Nectary Floral Anatomy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Airy Shaw, H.K. 1966. Tribelaceae (Engl.). In: Airy Shaw, H.K. (ed.) Willis’s A dictionary of the flowering plants and ferns. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. APG III 2009. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 161: 105–121.Google Scholar
  3. Backlund, A., Bremer, B. 1997. Phylogeny of the Asteridae s.str. based on rbcL sequences, with particular reference to the Dipsacales. Plant Syst. Evol. 207: 225–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bremer, K., Backlund, A., Sennblad, B., Swenson, U., Andreasen, K., Hjertson, M., Lundberg, J., Backlund, M., Bremer, B. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of 100+ genera and 50+ families of euasterids based on morphological and molecular data. Plant Syst. Evol. 229: 137–169Google Scholar
  5. Corner, E.J.H. 1976. The seeds of dicotyledons, vols. 1 and 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Engler, A. 1930. Saxifragaceae. In: Engler, A., Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, 2nd ed. 18a. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, pp. 74–226.Google Scholar
  7. Gustafsson, M.H.G., Backlund, A., Bremer, B. 1996. Phylogeny of the Asterales sensu lato based on rbcL sequences with particular reference to the Goodeniaceae. Plant Syst. Evol. 199: 217–242.Google Scholar
  8. Hooker, J.D. 1871. Chalepoa magellanica, Hook. f. Hooker’s Icones Plantarum 11: 65–66, t. 1082.Google Scholar
  9. Philippi, R.A., 1863. Nuevas Plantas Chilenas. Anales Universidad de Chile, Santiago 23: 382.Google Scholar
  10. Philipson, W.R. 1974. Ovular morphology and the major classification of the dicotyledons. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 68: 89–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Savolainen, V., Fay, M.F., Albach, D.C., Backlund, A., van der Bank, M., Cameron, K.M., Johnson, S.A., Lledó, M.D., Pintaud, J.-C., Powell, M., Sheahan, M.C., Soltis, D.E., Soltis, P.S., Weston, P., Whitten, W.M., Wurdack, K.J., Chase, M.W. 2000. Phylogeny of the eudicots: a nearly complete familial analysis based on rbcL gene sequences. Kew Bull. 55: 257–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Soltis, D.E., Smith, S.A., Cellinese, N., Wurdack, K.J., Tank, D.C., Brockington, S.F., Refulio-Rodriguez, N.F., Walker, J.B., Moore, M.J., Carlsward, B.S., Bell, C.D., Latvis, M., Crawley, S., Black, C., Diouf, D., Xi, Z., Rushworth, C.A., Gitzendanner, M.A., Sytsma, K.J., Qiu, Y.L., Hilu, K.W., Davis, C.C., Sanderson, M.J., Beaman, R.S., Olmstead, R.G., Judd, W.S., Donoghue, M.J., Soltis, P.S. 2011. Angiosperm phylogeny: 17 genes, 640 taxa. Amer. J. Bot. 98: 704–730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Winkworth, R.C., Lundberg, J., Donoghue, M.J. 2008. Towards a resolution of campanulid phylogeny, with special reference to the placement of Dipsacales. Taxon 57: 53–65.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pharmacognosy, Dept. of Medicinal ChemistryUppsala University, BMC – Biomedical CenterUppsalaSweden

Personalised recommendations