Aquifoliaceae Bercht. & J. Presl, Přir. Rostlin 2: 440 (1825), nom cons.
  • P.-A. LoizeauEmail author
  • V. Savolainen
  • S. Andrews
  • G. Barriera
  • R. Spichiger
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 14)


Trees or shrubs, rarely climbers; base of trunk straight, rarely with small buttresses; stem without latex or resin. Leaves usually evergreen, rarely deciduous, spirally arranged, rarely opposite or subopposite, simple, coriaceous to chartaceous, stipulate; plants dioecious. Flowers small, hypogynous, regular, unisexual by abortion, without disk, often 4–6-merous or up to 23-merous, in axillary cymose inflorescences, sometimes reduced to one flower. Sepals small, more or less connate at the base or rarely distinct; petals imbricate, mostly connate at the base, rarely free; stamens usually isomerous, alternating with the petals, and connate at the base. Carpels isomerous, united to form a superior ovary, with as many locules as carpels, each generally containing one ovule. Fruit a drupe, red, black, yellow, white, orange or purple, rarely green but mostly variously red, containing 1–6(−23) pyrenes. Seed small with abundant oily and proteinaceous endosperm, without starch.


Ellagic Acid Staminate Flower Wood Anatomy Sterile Ovary Railway Sleeper 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • P.-A. Loizeau
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. Savolainen
    • 2
  • S. Andrews
    • 3
  • G. Barriera
    • 1
  • R. Spichiger
    • 1
  1. 1.Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de GenèveChambésy/GenèveSuisse
  2. 2.Imperial College LondonAscot, BerkshireUK
  3. 3.Kew GardensRoyal Botanic GardensKew, RichmondUK

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