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Montiniaceae

Montiniaceae Nakai, Chosakuronbun Mokuroku: 243 (1943), nom. cons.
  • Louis P. Ronse De CraeneEmail author
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 14)

Abstract

Small trees, lianas, or shrubs, dioecious; stems erect with libriform fibres; indumentum of eglandular unicellular trichomes, present only in leaf axils. Leaves simple, entire, opposite or alternate, exstipulate, margins entire. Staminate inflorescences axillary, rarely terminal, paniculate; each flower subtended by a bract or with several bracts of reduced flowers; bracteoles absent. Flowers tri-, tetra-, or rarely pentamerous; calyx reduced to a toothed persistent rim or shortly three- to five-lobed; petals white or greenish, free, imbricate to valvate, deciduous; stamens alternipetalous, inserted at the base of a well-developed nectary, filaments short, dilated at the base, anthers extrorse, rarely introrse, opening by longitudinal slits; pistillode absent or present as central conical rudiment. Female inflorescence terminal, consisting of a single terminal flower, occasionally with a few flowers below, or a few-flowered axillary cyme. Perianth similar to staminate flowers, or petals absent; alternipetalous staminodes with abortive anthers present or absent; ovary bicarpellate, inferior to half-inferior; placentation intruding-parietal to axile, style bifid or two decurrent stylodia; stigma bilobed or decurrent on the stylodia, persistent; ovules tenuinucellate, anatropous, one or up to 12 per locule. Fruits capsular with winged seeds, dry indehiscent, or a compressed orange two-seeded drupe. Endosperm fleshy, scanty or absent, embryo straight, with large, compressed, orbiculate cotyledons and well developed radicle.

Keywords

Pollen Morphology Staminate Flower Pistillate Flower Leaf Axil Inferior Ovary 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Royal Botanic Garden EdinburghEdinburghUK

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