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Adoxaceae

Adoxaceae E. Mey., Preuss. Pfl.-Gatt. 198 (1839) (Adoxeae), nom. cons.Viburnaceae Raf. (1820) (Viburnidia).Sambucaceae Batsch ex Borkh. (1797) (Sambuci).
  • A. BacklundEmail author
  • V. Bittrich
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 14)

Abstract

Perennial herbs, small to moderately sized shrubs, or small trees, buds sometimes perulate; plants glabrous or with indumentum of unicellular or multicellular stellate (rarely lepidote) hairs; extrafloral nectaries sometimes present in various parts of the plants. Leaves opposite (very rarely 3-verticillate), pinnately veined and petiolate, simple, ternate, biternate, pinnatisect or pinnate, rarely bipinnate; leaf margin entire or, more often, serrate; pseudostipules occasionally present. Flowers in sometimes complex monotelic inflorescences, forming corymbs (sometimes some flowers sterile and showy), pseudo-umbels, heads, racemes, or few-flowered cymes in interrupted spikes. Flowers (with very few exceptions) bisexual, ± actinomorphic, semi-epigynous to epigynous; sepals 2–5, ± connate , lobes small, 1-traced, persistent; petals 3–5(6), connate, with corolla tube sometimes very short, lobes imbricate or valvate; stamens antesepalous, adnate to the corolla and isomerous with the petals, though sometimes split to the filament base or nearly so, giving the appearance of twice the number of unithecal stamens; anthers basifixed or dorsifixed, dithecal, tetrasporangiate; ovary syncarpous with 2–5 carpels, uni- or plurilocular, with some locules occasionally sterile; stylodia short or absent; stigma capitate or lobed, then lobes isomerous with locule number; one fertile ovule per locule, sometimes additionally some vestigial ovules present, anatropous, bitegmic, tenui- or weakly crassinucellate; nectary of different types or absent. Fruit a drupe with one single pyrene in Viburnum or with few separable pyrenes in Adoxeae and Sambucus. Endosperm oily, copious, cellular.

Keywords

Perennial Herb Corolla Lobe Extrafloral Nectary Floral Anatomy Stigma Capitate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pharmacognosy, Dept. of Medicinal ChemistryUppsala University, BMC - Biomedical CenterUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.CampinasBrazil

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