Ecosystem-Based Tsunami Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesian Coastal Areas

  • Eko Rudianto
  • Abdul MuhariEmail author
  • Kenji Harada
  • Hideo Matsutomi
  • Hendra Yusran Siry
  • Enggar Sadtopo
  • Widjo Kongko
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 14)


A healthy natural coastal ecosystem can function as one of the components in reducing potential risk of coastal disasters. The impacts of tsunamis, storm surges and coastal erosions can be reduced at a certain limit by the existence of coastal forest and dunes. In Indonesia, tsunami occurs once twice a year in average. It means, tsunami hit quiet frequently even though the return period in a specific location mostly is several tens to hundred years. To reduce potential impacts of tsunamis in coastal area, construction and rehabilitation of coastal forest is one of the main efforts. The existence of a healthy coastal forest not only provides a suitable protection for high frequency but relatively minor to medium scale tsunamis, but also promotes economic activity based on eco-tourism that will ensure the sustainability of the coastal forest maintenance in the later phase. This paper aims to describe milestones of tsunami mitigation by using greenbelt in Indonesia. Conception, tsunami hazards assessment, challenges and lessons learnt in applying tsunami mitigation by using greenbelt are described so the initiative can be replicated in other tsunami prone areas.


Tsunami hazards Tsunami model Coastal forest 



The authors thank for the partial funding support from the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of Indonesia.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eko Rudianto
    • 1
  • Abdul Muhari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kenji Harada
    • 2
  • Hideo Matsutomi
    • 3
  • Hendra Yusran Siry
    • 1
  • Enggar Sadtopo
    • 1
  • Widjo Kongko
    • 4
  1. 1.Directorate for Coastal and OceanMinistry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Republic of IndonesiaJakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.Center for Integrated Research and Education of Natural HazardsShizuoka UniversityShizuokaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringAkita UniversityAkitaJapan
  4. 4.Coastal Dynamics Research CenterBPPTJakartaIndonesia

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