How the Secure Use of Technology Could Influence Travel to and from School for Elementary School-Aged Children

  • Kevin ChangEmail author
  • Kristin Haltinner
  • Reilly Scott
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 589)


A child’s ability or opportunity to walk or bicycle to school is determined by his or her parents who must weigh a number of different factors in this decision. For this study, the concerns expressed by parents were evaluated along with exploring possible technological solutions that could be used to address these concerns and to guide policy decisions. Data were collected over a six-month period utilizing an online survey sent to parents of elementary school-aged children in Idaho. The findings suggest that parents’ primary concerns regarding school safety included: distance to school, the possibility of a traffic and pedestrian accident, and child abduction by strangers. Parents were most comfortable with minimally to moderately invasive technological solutions including phone calls if students did not arrive in school, established checkpoints for students to pass en route to school, live streaming videos in the classroom, and GPS tracking of their child’s backpack.


Global Position System Child Safety Medium Access Control Address Safe Route Global Position System Tracker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was partially supported with funding from the University of Idaho’s Center for Secure and Dependable Systems through the Idaho Global Entrepreneurial Mission.


  1. Emergensee (2015). Accessed on 30 September 2015.
  2. Hoff, E., Laursen, B., Tardif, T.: Socieconomic status and parenting. In: Bornstein, M.H. (ed.) Handbook of Parenting, vol. 2, pp. 231–252. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah (2002)Google Scholar
  3. McDonald, N.: Children’s mode choice for the school trip: the role of distance and school location in walking to school. Transportation 35, 23–35 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. National Center for Safe Routes to School, How children get to school: school travel patterns from 1969 to 2009 (2011). Accessed on 25 September 2015.
  5. Safe Routes to School, United States Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, HS 809 497 (2002)Google Scholar
  6. Safe Routes National Center for Safe Routes to School, 2015, History of SRTS. Accessed on 25 September 2015.
  7. Safe Routes to School Online Guide. 2015. The decline of walking and bicycling. Accessed on 25 September 2015.
  8. Saris Cycling Group, 2015. What is The Hub? Accessed on 23 September 2015.
  9. Schlossberg, M., Green, J., Phillips, P.P., Johnson, B., Parker, B.: School Trips: Effects of Urban Form and Distance on Travel Mode. J. Am. Plann. 72(3), 337–346 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Student Neighborhood Access Program, (SNAP). 2015. Walking School Bus App. Utah Department of Transportation. Accessed 23 September 2015
  11. Sundstrom, C., Pullen-Seufert, N., Cornog, M., Cynecki, M., Chang, K.: Prioritizing schools for safe routes to school infrastructure projects. ITE J. 80(2), 24–28 (2010)Google Scholar
  12. Trends in walking and bicycling to school: takeaways for building successful programs, National Center for Safe Routes to School (2013).
  13. Ungar, M.: Overprotective parenting: helping parents provide children the right amount of risk and responsibility. Am. J. Fam. Therapy 37(3), 258–271 (2009)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of IdahoMoscowUSA

Personalised recommendations