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Historical origins of the Mediterranean Diet, Regional Dietary Profiles, and the Development of the Dietary Guidelines

  • Nadine R. SahyounEmail author
  • Kavitha Sankavaram
Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

The diet of the Mediterranean basin (22 countries located within Europe, Africa, and Asia) is abundant in foods of plant origin such as legumes, whole grains, fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, and olive oil as a main source of fat and has a low intake of saturated fat. There are a few regional differences in dietary patterns around the Mediterranean Sea but also many similarities. The diet’s origins reflect the interactions of diverse populations and civilizations over thousands of years.

Keywords

Mediterranean diet origins Regional dietary patterns Mediterranean dietary pyramid Mediterranean diet indexes Mediterranean lifestyle 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nutrition and Food ScienceUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.Expanded Food and Nutrition Education ProgramUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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