An Open Platform for Children’s Independent Mobility

  • Matteo GerosaEmail author
  • Annapaola Marconi
  • Marco Pistore
  • Paolo Traverso
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 579)


Children’s independent mobility is a perfect example of a smart community, where proactive citizens participation and new form of collaboration between citizens and city managers are fundamental to solve daily problems in the city. This application domain, intersecting several areas of a smart city, from sustainable mobility to health and education, is at the same time very relevant from a societal perspective and very challenging from an ICT perspective, since it requires a combination of socio-psychological theories and practices and of advanced ICT techniques and tools. In this paper we illustrate the problem, analyzing on-going initiatives, lessons learnt and potential role of ICT solutions, and propose a solution, the CLIMB Platform, that will be experimented within the city of Trento.



This work is partially funded by the European Commission through FP7 EU SMARTCITIES project STREETLIFE (Grant Agreement 608991), FP7 EU-FET project ALLOW Ensembles (Grant Agreement 600792), and FP7 EU CIP ICT-PSP project IES Cities (Grant Agreement 325097).

We would like to thank Elisabeth Füssl and Ralf Risser (FACTUM), Roland van Straten and Lex van Gijsel (DEVLAB), and Dr Sonja Forward and her team (VTI) for their support in understanding children’s independent mobility problem and shaping the CLIMB Platform idea. Special thanks to the City of Trento and its administration for their invaluable help and support.


  1. 1.
    Beunderman, J.: People make play: the impact of staffed play provision on children, families and communities. A research report by Demos for Play England National Children’s Bureau, London (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Daschütz, P.: Flächenbedarf, freizeitmobilität und aktionsraum von kindern und jugendlichen in der stadt. Dissertation, TU Wien (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Giuliani, M.V., Alparone, F., Mayer, S.: Children’s appropriation of urban space. In: Urban Childhood Conference (1997)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kolotkin, R.L., Meter, K., Williams, G.R.: Quality of life and obesity. Obesity Rev. 2, 219–229 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Munroe, R.L., Munroe, R.H.: Effect of environmental experience on spatial ability in an east african society. J. Soc. Psychol. 83, 15–22 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Brown, T., Summerbell, C.: Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity. An update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Björklid, P.: Parental restrictions and children’s independent mobility. In: IAPS (2002)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hillman, M., Adams, J., Whitelegg, J.: One False Move.. A Study of Children’s Independent Mobility. Policy Studies Institute, London (1990)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hillman, M.: Children, Transport and the Quality of Life. Policy Studies Institute, London (1993)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    O’Brien, M., Jones, D., Sloan, D., Ristin, M.: Children’s independent spatial mobility in the urban public realm. Childhood 7(3), 257–277 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rissotto, A., Tonucci, F.: Freedom of movement and environmental knowledge in elementary school children. J. Environ. Psychol. 22, 65–77 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fotel, T., Thomsen, T.: The surveillance of children’s mobility. Surveill. Soc. 1(4), 535–554 (2004)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    SKL: Why do parents drive their children to school. SKL rapport (2012)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    McDonald, N.C., Aalborg, A.: Why parents drive children to school: implications for safe routes to school programs. J. Am. Plan. Assoc. 75(3), 331–342 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dowling, R.: Cultures of mothering and car use in suburban sydney: a preliminary investigation. Geoforum 31(3), 345–353 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Spencer, C., Blades, M.: Children at risk: are we understimating their general environmental competence whilst overstimating their performance? In: Garling, T., Valsiner, J. (eds.) Children within Environments, pp. 39–49. Plenum Press, New York (1985)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Arniani, M., Badii, A., Liddo, A.D., Georgi, S., Passani, A., Piccolo, L.S.G., Teli, M.: Collective awareness platform for sustainability and social innovation: An introduction (2014)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    IES CITIES: Internet-Enabled Services for the Cities across Europe. (FP7 EU Project).
  19. 19.
    (Smart Campus Platform).
  20. 20.
    Bucchiarone, A., Marconi, A., Mezzina, C.A., Pistore, M., Raik, H.: On-the-fly adaptation of dynamic service-based systems: incrementality, reduction and reuse. In: International Conference on Web Services ICWS, pp. 146–161 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bucchiarone, A., Marconi, A., Pistore, M., Raik, H.: Dynamic adaptation of fragment-based and context-aware business processes. In: Proceedings of the of ICWS 2012, pp. 33–41 (2012)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Raik, H., Bucchiarone, A., Khurshid, N., Marconi, A., Pistore, M.: Astro-captevo: Dynamic context-aware adaptation for service-based systems. In: Proceedings of SERVICES 2012, pp. 385–392 (2012)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sirbu, A., Marconi, A., Pistore, M., Eberle, H., Leymann, F., Unger, T.: Dynamic composition of pervasive process fragments. In: 2011 IEEE International Conference on Web Services (ICWS), pp. 73–80. IEEE (2011)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    ALLOW Ensembles. (FP7 EU Project).
  25. 25.
    Bucchiarone, A., Cappiello, C., Di Nitto, E., Kazhamiakin, R., Mazza, V., Pistore, M.: Design for adaptation of service-based applications: main issues and requirements. In: Dan, A., Gittler, F., Toumani, F. (eds.) ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009. LNCS, vol. 6275, pp. 467–476. Springer, Heidelberg (2010) Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bucchiarone, A., Marconi, A., Pistore, M., Traverso, P., Bertoli, P., Kazhamiakin, R.: Domain objects for continuous context-aware adaptation of service-based systems. In: IEEE 20th International Conference on Web Services (ICWS), 2013, pp. 571–578. IEEE (2013)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    STREETLIFE: Steering Towards Perceptive Mobility of the Future. (FP7 EU Project).
  28. 28.
    Deterding, S., Dixon, D., Khaled, R., Nacke, L.: From game design elements to gamefulness: defining "Gamification". In: Proceedings of the 15th International Academic MindTrek Conference: Envisioning Future Media Environments. MindTrek 2011, pp. 9–15. ACM (2011)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bielik, P., Tomlein, M., Krátky, P., Mitrík, v., Barla, M., Bieliková, M.: Move2Play: an innovative approach to encouraging people to be more physically active. In: Proceedings of the 2nd ACM SIGHIT International Health Informatics Symposium, IHI 2012, pp. 61–70. ACM (2012)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hoh, B., Yan, T., Ganesan, D., Tracton, K., Iwuchukwu, T., Lee, J.: TruCentive: a game-theoretic incentive platform for trustworthy mobile crowdsourcing parking services. In: 2012 15th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) (2012)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Walsh, G., Golbeck, J.: StepCity: a preliminary investigation of a personal informatics-based social game on behavior change. In: CHI 2014 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI EA 2014, pp. 2371–2376. ACM (2014)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Bartley, J., Forsyth, J., Pendse, P., Xin, D., Brown, G., Hagseth, P., Agrawal, A., Goldberg, D., Hammond, T.: World of workout: a contextual mobile rpg to encourage long term fitness. In: Proceedings of the Second ACM SIGSPATIAL International Workshop on the Use of GIS in Public Health, HealthGIS 2013, pp. 60–67. ACM (2013)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Shiraishi, M., Washio, Y., Takayama, C., Lehdonvirta, V., Kimura, H., Nakajima, T.: Using individual, social and economic persuasion techniques to reduce co2 emissions in a family setting. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Persuasive Technology. Persuasive 2009, pp. 13:1–13:8. ACM (2009)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Cowley, B., Moutinho, J., Bateman, C., Oliveira, A.: Learning principles and interaction design for ‘Green My Place’: A Massively Multiplayer Serious Game. Entertainment Comput. 2, 103–113 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kazhamiakin, R., Marconi, A., Perillo, M., Pistore, M., Valetto, G., Piras, L., Avesani, F., Perri, N.: Using gamification to incentivize sustainable urban mobility. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Smart Cities, ISC2 (2015)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
  38. 38.
  39. 39.
  40. 40.
    Pistore, M., Traverso, P., Paolucci, M., Wagner, M.: From software services to a future internet of services. In: Future Internet Assembly, pp. 183–192 (2009)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Bartalos, P., Bielikova, M.: Automatic dynamic web service composition: a survey and problem formalization. Comput. Inf. 30(4), 793–827 (2011)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Cubo, J., Pimentel, E.: DAMASCo: a framework for the automatic composition of component-based and service-oriented architectures. In: Crnkovic, I., Gruhn, V., Book, M. (eds.) ECSA 2011. LNCS, vol. 6903, pp. 388–404. Springer, Heidelberg (2011) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Goser, K., Jurisch, M., Acker, H., Kreher, U., Lauer, M., Rinderle, S., Reichert, M., Dadam, P.: Next-generation process management with adept2. In: BPM Demos (2007)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Greenwood, D.P.A.: Goal-oriented autonomic business process modeling and execution: engineering change management demonstration. In: Dumas, M., Reichert, M., Shan, M.-C. (eds.) BPM 2008. LNCS, vol. 5240, pp. 390–393. Springer, Heidelberg (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Peltz, C.: Web services orchestration and choreography. IEEE Comput. 36(10), 43–52 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Hull, R., Damaggio, E., Masellis, R.D., Fournier, F., Gupta, M., Heath, F.T., Hobson, S., Linehan, M.H., Maradugu, S., Nigam, A., Sukaviriya, P.N., Vaculín, R.: Business artifacts with guard-stage-milestone lifecycles: managing artifact interactions with conditions and events. In: DEBS (2011)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Bertoli, P., Pistore, M., Traverso, P.: Automated composition of web services via planning in asynchronous domains. Artif. Intell. 174, 316–361 (2010)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Marconi, A., Pistore, M., Traverso, P.: Automated Composition of Web Services: the ASTRO Approach. IEEE Data Eng. Bull. 31, 23–26 (2008)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Merugu, D., Prabhakar, B., Rama, N.: An incentive mechanism for decongesting the roads: a pilot program in bangalore. In: Proceedings of ACM NetEcon Workshop (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matteo Gerosa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Annapaola Marconi
    • 1
  • Marco Pistore
    • 1
  • Paolo Traverso
    • 1
  1. 1.Fondazione Bruno KesslerTrentoItaly

Personalised recommendations