Mathematical and Experimental Analyses of a Compression Ignition (CI) Engine Run on a Bioethanol Diesel Emulsion
In this study, a possibility of using a bioethanol-diesel emulsion as an alternative fuel for compression ignition (CI) engines is explored. For the investigation bioethanol was obtained from Madhuca Indica flower by fermentation process. Two important emission parameters nitric oxide (NO) and smoke emissions from the emulsion fueled single cylinder, four stroke, air cooled direct injection (DI) CI engine were determined and compared with those of diesel operation at different load conditions. The experimental results were also validated by a mathematical modelling using a MATLAB program and are presented in this paper.
KeywordsBioethanol Diesel engine Modelling MATLAB
This paper has been elaborated in the framework of the project New creative teams in priorities of scientific research, reg. no. CZ.1.07/2.3.00/30.0055, supported by Operational Programme Education for Competitiveness and co-financed by the European Social Fund and the state budget of the Czech Republic. The authors also thank National Institute of Technology, Rourkela for carrying out the experiments.
- 4.Ecklund, E.E., Bechtold, R.L., Timbario, T.J., McCallum, P.W.: State-of-the art report on the use of alcohols in diesel engines. SAE Technical Paper 840118, pp. 1684–1702 (1984)Google Scholar
- 5.Reitz, R.D., Bracco, F.V.: On the dependence of spray angle and other spray parameters on nozzle design and operating conditions. SAE technical paper no. 790494 (1979)Google Scholar
- 6.Patil, S.: Thermodynamic modelling for performance analysis of compression ignition engine fuelled with biodiesel and its blends with diesel. Int. J. Recent Technol. Eng. (IJRTE) 1, 134–138 (2013)Google Scholar
- 7.Awad, S., Varuvel, E.G., Loubar, K., Tazerout, M.: Single zone combustion modeling of biodiesel from wastes in a diesel engine. Fuel 106, 558–568 (2013)Google Scholar
- 13.Heywood, J.B.: Internal Combustion Engines Fundamentals, pp. 491–667. McGraw Hill Publications, New York (1988)Google Scholar