Assessment of Bile Duct Tumors: Endoscopic vs Radiographic

  • Irving WaxmanEmail author
  • Mariano Gonzalez-Haba
Part of the Difficult Decisions in Surgery: An Evidence-Based Approach book series (DDSURGERY)


Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the second most common primary liver tumor and it’s associated with a poor prognosis. They diagnosis of CCA can be challenging because of its paucicellular nature, anatomic location, and silent clinical character. Cross sectional radiologic studies (MRI/MRCP and multidetector CT scan) are critical for diagnosis and staging CCA but their sensibility is yet improvable and they don’t allow tissue acquisition. ERCP has been for years the modality of choice for evaluating and sampling biliary strictures for malignancy. New endoscopic techniques like EUS and cholangioscopy and advances in imaging technologies and cytology processing have the potential of significantly improve the preoperative diagnostic accuracy of this malignancy.


Cholangiocarcinoma Diagnosis Radiologic MRI/MRCP CT Endoscopy Endoscopic ultrasound ERCP 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Endoscopic Research and Therapeutics (CERT), Center for Care and DiscoveryThe University of Chicago Medicine and Biological SciencesChicagoUSA

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