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Issues for Quality Enhancement and Harmonization of Education in East Africa

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Part of the SpringerBriefs in Education book series (BRIEFSEDUCAT)


This chapter provides a description of the historical and political development of the current mass education system in East Africa. It goes on to provide a comparative analysis of the structure of the school education system in the East African countries, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. Finally, on the basis of the historical and comparative analysis of the education system the chapter raises questions for harmonization of the education system in the partner states in the East African Community.


  • Education System
  • Secondary Education
  • Partner State
  • Level Secondary Education
  • East African Country

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Fig. 1.1


  1. 1.

    While the issues covered in this volume are largely relevant to all the five partner states in the EAC, the in-depth focus does not cover Burundi.

  2. 2.

    Zanzibar is semi-autonomous with some aspects of education coming under the control of the Revolutionary Government. In a transition to compulsory secondary education for all, most students who fail the Primary School Leaving Examination are required to repeat the final year of primary school and retake the examination. Those who then fail leave school, whilst all who pass are required to proceed to the first two years of secondary school. After two years of secondary school there is another examination, those who pass are required to stay for two more years, those who fail then leave (see retrieved on 26th February 2015).


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Correspondence to Mussa Mohamed .

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Mohamed, M., Halai, A., Karuku, S. (2016). Issues for Quality Enhancement and Harmonization of Education in East Africa. In: Halai, A., Tennant, G. (eds) Mathematics Education in East Africa. SpringerBriefs in Education. Springer, Cham.

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