Revisiting Computational Models of Creative Storytelling Based on Imaginative Recall

  • Sarah Harmon
  • Arnav Jhala
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9445)


Certain story generation systems consider the processes of imaginative recall and adaptation as central to human creativity in storytelling. Researchers have recently compared the output of these systems through the lens of Boden’s types of creativity [9]. This comparison highlights the contribution of predefined structures to story predictability, which influences perceived creativity. We revisit the connection between knowledge structures and story predictability, and compare Minstrel’s use of knowledge structures versus the use of Story Intention Graphs (SIGs) as the underlying case frames. Semantic information encoded in the SIG produces coherent stories and retains the imaginative recall and generalization aspect of Minstrel’s creative process. Mapping knowledge structures to SIGs enables the use of a common representation that is directly connected to surface realization. This opens up the performative aspect of creativity that does not come out in templated text outputs.


Case-based reasoning Computational creativity Story generation 


  1. 1.
    Boden, M.: The Creative Mind. Abacus, London (1992)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Callaway, C.B., Lester, J.C.: Narrative prose generation. Artif. Intell. 139(2), 213–225 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chen, S., Deunsing, A., Kong, P., Jhala, A., Wardrip-Fruin, N., Mateas, M.: Rolemodelvis: a visualization of logical story models. In: AIIDE (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Elson, D.K.: Detecting story analogies from annotations of time, action and agency. In: Proceedings of the LREC 2012 Workshop on Computational Models of Narrative, Istanbul, Turkey (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Galanis, D., Androutsopoulos, I.: Generating multilingual descriptions from linguistically annotated owl ontologies: the naturalowl system. In: Proceedings of the 11th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation, pp. 143–146. chloss Dagstuhl, Germany (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Harmon, S., Jhala, A.: Imaginative recall with story intention graphs. In: Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Computational Models of Narrative (CMN 2015), pp. 71–81 (2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ontañon, S., Zhu, J.: Story representation in analogy-based story generation in riu. In: Proceedings of IEEE Computational Intelligence in Games (IEEE-CIG 2010), pp. 435–442. Vancouver, British Columbia (2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pérez y Pérez, R., Sharples, M.: Mexica: a computational model of the process of creative writing. In: Proceedings of the AISB Symposium on Creative Language: Humour and Stories, pp. 46–51 (1999)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pérez y Pérez, R., Sharples, M.: Three computer-based models of storytelling: BRUTUS, MINSTREL and MEXICA. Knowl.-Based Syst. 17(1), 15–29 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rishes, E., Lukin, S.M., Elson, D.K., Walker, M.A.: Generating different story tellings from semantic representations of narrative. In: Koenitz, H., Sezen, T.I., Ferri, G., Haahr, M., Sezen, D., C̨atak, G. (eds.) ICIDS 2013. LNCS, vol. 8230, pp. 192–204. Springer, Heidelberg (2013) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tearse, B.R., Mawhorter, P.A., Mateas, M., Wardrip-Fruin, N.: Skald: minstrel reconstructed. IEEE Trans. Comput. Intell. AI Game. 6, 156–165 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Theune, M., Slabbers, N., Hielkema, F.: The automatic generation of narratives. In: Proceedings of the 17th Conference on Computational Linguistics in the Netherlands (CLIN-17), pp. 131–146. LOT Occasional Series 7, LOT, Utrecht (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Turner, S.: Minstrel: a computer model of creativity and storytelling. Technical report CSD-920057, Ph.D. thesis, Computer Science Department, University of California, Los Angeles, CA (1992)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UC Santa CruzSanta CruzUSA

Personalised recommendations