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Part of the book series: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing ((AISC,volume 407))


Young people face a real and increasing difficulty in finding a decent job with each day. Three additional combining factors are worsening the youth employment crisis even further, causing challenges while transiting to decent jobs. Namely (i) numbers of discouraged young people, who are neither in education nor employment or training (NEETs) are increasing. In tertiary education, (ii) unemployment among university graduates, in general, are rising. Therefore, (iii) potential NEET group students, especially in the 1st year, who, apart from reduced study fees, require extra motivation and moral support from educators. The aim of the paper is to find out how to solve the dropout crisis applying digital opportunities for 1st-year universities students’ by an educational support and motivation enhancement. Educational institutions should combine the traditional forms of study and e-learning. However, direct contact between the teacher and the student plays very important role in acquiring a quality education, and should not be left out.

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  1. 1.

    Formal learning is always organised and structured, and has learning objectives. From the learner’s standpoint, it is always intentional: i.e. the learner’s explicit objective is to gain knowledge, skills and/or competences [2].

  2. 2.

    Non–formal learning gives some flexibility between formal and informal learning, which must be strictly defined to be operational, by being mutually exclusive, and avoid overlap. Informal learning is never organised, has no set objective in terms of learning outcomes and is never intentional from the learner’s standpoint. Often it is referred to as learning by experience or just as experience [2].

  3. 3.

    NEET—Not in Employment, Education nor Training. A person who is not employed and is not involved in any educational process.


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Ratniece, D., Cakula, S., Kapenieks, K., Zagorskis, V. (2016). Digital Opportunities for 1st Year University Students’ Educational Support and Motivational Enhancement. In: Gaber, T., Hassanien, A., El-Bendary, N., Dey, N. (eds) The 1st International Conference on Advanced Intelligent System and Informatics (AISI2015), November 28-30, 2015, Beni Suef, Egypt. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 407. Springer, Cham.

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