ACOG (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists). 2005. Maternal decision making, ethics, and the law. ACOG committee opinion no. 321. Obstetrics and Gynecology 106(5 Pt 1): 1127–1137.
Ashcroft, R. 2016. Ethical issues in a trial of maternal gene transfer to improve foetal growth. In Clinical research involving pregnant women, eds. F. Baylis and A. Ballantyne, 247–263. Cham: Springer.
Ballantyne, A., and W. Rogers. 2016. Pregnancy, vulnerability, and the risk of exploitation in clinical research. In Clinical research involving pregnant women, eds. F. Baylis and A. Ballantyne, 139–159. Cham: Springer.
Brunner, E., D.M. Falk, M. Jones, D.K. Dey, and C.C. Shatapathy. 2013. Olanzapine in pregnancy and breastfeeding: A review of data from global safety surveillance. BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 14(38). doi:10.1186/2050-6511-14-38.
Canada (Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada, and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada). 2014. Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical conduct for research involving humans (TCPS2). http://www.pre.ethics.gc.ca/pdf/eng/tcps2-2014/TCPS_2_FINAL_Web.pdf. Accessed 3 Oct 2016.
CIOMS (Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences). 2002. International ethical guidelines for biomedical research involving human subjects. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://www.cioms.ch/publications/layout_guide2002.pdf. Accessed 3 Oct 2016.
Denny, C., and C. Grady. 2008. Research involving women. In The Oxford textbook of clinical research ethics, eds. E.J. Emanuel, C. Grady, R.A. Crouch, R.L. Kie, F.G. Miller, and D. Wendler, 407–422. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
DHHS (US Department of Health and Human Services). 2009. Code of Federal Regulations: Title 45, Part 46, Protection of Human Subjects. http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/regulations-and-policy/regulations/45-cfr-46/index.html. Accessed 3 Oct 2016.
DHHS (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Human Research Protections). 2012. International compilation of human research standards. http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/international/intlcompilation/intlcompilation.html. Accessed 3 Apr 2015.
FDA (US Food and Drug Administration). 2011. Science and research: Pregnancy registries (last updated 22 July 2011). http://www.fda.gov/ScienceResearch/SpecialTopics/WomensHealthResearch/ucm251314.htm. Accessed 27 Feb 2015.
Healy, D., and D. Mangin. 2016. Does my bias look big in this? In Clinical research involving pregnant women, eds. F. Baylis and A. Ballantyne, 197–208. Cham: Springer.
India (Indian Council of Medical Research, Director-General). 2006. Ethical guidelines for biomedical research on human participants. New Delhi. http://icmr.nic.in/ethical_guidelines.pdf. Accessed 8 Apr 2015.
Kukla, R. 2005. Conscientious autonomy: Displacing decisions in health care. Hastings Center Report 35(2): 34–44.
Kukla, R. 2016. Equipoise, uncertainty, and inductive risk in research involving pregnant women. In Clinical research involving pregnant women, eds. F. Baylis and A. Ballantyne, 179–196. Cham: Springer.
Little, M.O. 1999. Abortion, intimacy, and the duty to gestate. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2(3): 295–312.
Lupton, M.G.F., and D.J. Williams. 2004. The ethics of research on pregnant women: Is maternal consent sufficient? International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 111(12): 1307–1312.
Mackenzie, C. 2010. Conceptions of autonomy and conceptions of the body in bioethics. In Feminist bioethics: At the center, on the margins, eds. Jackie L. Scully, Laurel E. Baldwin-Ragaven, and Petya Fitzpatrick, 71–90. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Mastroianni, A.C., and J.P. Kahn. 2002. Risk and responsibility: Ethics, Grimes v Kennedy Krieger, and public health research involving children. American Journal of Public Health 92(7): 1073–1076.
Miller, F.G., and A. Wertheimer. 2007. Facing up to paternalism in research ethics. Hastings Center Report 37(3): 24–34.
NIH-ORWH (United States. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, Office of Research on Women’s Health). 2011. Enrolling pregnant women: Issues in clinical research. Bethesda: National Institutes of Health. http://orwh.od.nih.gov/resources/policyreports/pdf/ORWH-EPW-Report-2010.pdf. Accessed 8 Apr 2015.
Robinson, W.M., and B.T. Unruh. 2008. The Hepatitis experiments at the Willowbrook State School. In The Oxford textbook of clinical research ethics, eds. E.J. Emanuel, C. Grady, R.A. Crouch, R.L. Kie, F.G. Miller, and D. Wendler, 80–85. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
South Africa (South African Medical Research Council). 2000. Guidelines on ethics for medical research: General principles, including research on vulnerable groups, international collaboration and epidemiology. http://www.kznhealth.gov.za/research/ethics1.pdf. Accessed 26 Mar 2015.
United States (National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research). 1979. The Belmont Report: Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research. http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/belmont.html. Accessed 26 Mar 2015.
Wild, V., and N. Biller-Andorno. 2016. Pregnant women’s views about participation in clinical research. In Clinical research involving pregnant women, eds. F. Baylis and A. Ballantyne, 119–136. Cham: Springer.
World Medical Association. 2013. WMA Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/. Accessed 3 Oct 2016.