Advances in Face Detection and Facial Image Analysis

pp 189-248


Labeled Faces in the Wild: A Survey

  • Erik Learned-MillerAffiliated withUniversity of Massachusetts Email author 
  • , Gary B. HuangAffiliated withHoward Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Research Campus
  • , Aruni RoyChowdhuryAffiliated withUniversity of Massachusetts
  • , Haoxiang LiAffiliated withStevens Institute of Technology
  • , Gang HuaAffiliated withStevens Institute of Technology

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In 2007, Labeled Faces in the Wild was released in an effort to spur research in face recognition, specifically for the problem of face verification with unconstrained images. Since that time, more than 50 papers have been published that improve upon this benchmark in some respect. A remarkably wide variety of innovative methods have been developed to overcome the challenges presented in this database. As performance on some aspects of the benchmark approaches 100 % accuracy, it seems appropriate to review this progress, derive what general principles we can from these works, and identify key future challenges in face recognition. In this survey, we review the contributions to LFW for which the authors have provided results to the curators (results found on the LFW results web page). We also review the cross cutting topic of alignment and how it is used in various methods. We end with a brief discussion of recent databases designed to challenge the next generation of face recognition algorithms.