Bit- and Power Allocation in GMD and SVD-Based MIMO Systems
The singular value decomposition (SVD) is a popular technique used in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems to remove inter-antennas interferences in order to achieve the best performance. As a result, the MIMO channel is decomposed into a number of independent singular-input singular-output (SISO) channels with different weightings. In order to improve the performance, bit- and power-allocation strategies are required due to the unequal weighting coefficients. In contrast, the geometric mean decomposition (GMD) decomposes the MIMO channel into a number of equally weighted SISO channels with remaining inter-antenna interference which can be removed by using dirty paper precoding at the transmit side. Having equally weighted layers, the computational complexity required to implement bit- and power-allocation strategies decreases and GMD-based MIMO systems seem to be an appropriate solution. This paper analyses and compares the performance of SVD- and GMD-based MIMO systems affected by antennas correlation where QAM constellations are transmitted along the transmit antennas, demonstrating that the GMD-based one is more robust against antennas correlation. Furthermore, optimal and suboptimal bit- and power-allocation strategies are compared. This investigation demonstrates that the suboptimal solution provides a performance close to that offered by the optimal one but with a reduced computational cost.
KeywordsMultiple-input multiple-output System Singular-value decomposition Geometric mean decomposition Bit allocation Power allocation Antennas correlation Wireless transmission Tomlinson-Harashima precoding.
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