Diagnosis of Undescended Testis

  • John M. Hutson
  • Jørgen M. Thorup
  • Spencer W. Beasley


Clinical diagnosis of undescended testes (UDT) requires some skill, because of the small size and mobility of the prepubertal testis inside the processus vaginalis. In addition, distinguishing between congenital UDT with failed gubernacular migration and retractile testes is challenging. In many centres ultrasonography has become a common adjunct to clinical examination, but has limitations, particularly for intraabdominal testes. Laparoscopy is the standard test for an impalpable testis, along with inhibin-B and AMH levels if it is bilateral.


Spermatic Cord Inguinal Canal Undescended Testis Testicular Torsion Spigelian Hernia 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Hutson
    • 1
  • Jørgen M. Thorup
    • 2
  • Spencer W. Beasley
    • 3
  1. 1.Royal Children’s Hospital University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  2. 2.Univ. Hospital of Copenhagen RigshospitaletKøbenhavnDenmark
  3. 3.University of OtagoChristchurchNew Zealand

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