Oral Issues and Related Disorders in the Elderly
- 1.7k Downloads
With ageing, structural changes occur in the oral and perioral tissues. With age, there is a decrease in pulp cell density with increase in sentinel thickness. Over the years, it was accepted that dental caries forms through interaction of acid-forming bacteria, carbohydrates and host of other factors relating to the teeth and saliva. Today, it is acknowledged that dental caries is much more complex and is caused by the interaction between tooth structure biofilm, dietary, saliva and genetic factors. Periodontitis is most common in the elderly and is most important cause of tooth loss. Tooth wear is the result of processes such as abrasion, attrition, erosion and demastication. The most common cause of oral cancer is squamous cell cancer.
KeywordsAge-related changes Caries Periodontitis Tooth wear Edentulism Oral cancer
- 1.Al-Drees AM. Oral and perioral physiological changes with ageing. Pakistan Oral Dental J. 2010;30(1):26–30.Google Scholar
- 3.Klein DR. Oral soft tissue changes in geriatric patients, symposium on considerations for oral health care in the aging patient. Dental Society of the State of New York; 1980. p. 56.Google Scholar
- 6.Chauncey HH, Feldman RS, Weyker AH. Oral aspects of aging. Am J Fam Physician. 1983;28(1):147–52.Google Scholar
- 12.Tofino PME, Cepeda GLA. Ageing and oral cavity. Pract Odontol. 1989;10(3):33–6.Google Scholar
- 13.Miller W. The presence of bacterial plaques on the surface of teeth and their significance. Dent Cosmos. 1902;44:425–46.Google Scholar
- 14.William LJ. A contribution to the study of pathology of enamel. Dent Cosmos. 1897;39:169–96.Google Scholar
- 15.Fejerskov O, Nyvad B. Is dental caries an infectious disease? Diagnostic and treatment consequences for the practitioner. In: Schon I, editor. Norde Dentistry 2003 Year book. Copenhagen: Quintessence Publishing; 2003. p. 41–151.Google Scholar
- 17.Fejerskov O. Changing paradigms in concepts on dental caries: consequences for oral health care. Caries Res. 2004;35:183–91.Google Scholar
- 19.Beltran-Aquilar ED, Barker LR, Canto MT, Dye B, Gooch BF, Griffin SO, et al. Surveillance for dental caries, dental sealants, tooth retention, edentulism and enamel fluorosis. United States 1988–1994 and 1999-2—2. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2005;54(3):1–43.Google Scholar
- 27.Moffitt AR. Tooth wear and erosion Update on patient care. Inside Densistry. http://www.dental-professional.com/Nrews_Articles.aspx?NewsID=News044.
- 31.National Institute of Dentition and Craniofacial Research (NICDR) Update; 2013.Google Scholar
- 32.National Institute of Dentition and Craniofacial Research (NICDR) Update 20 Dec 2008.Google Scholar