Light- and CO2-Dependent Systemic Regulation of Photosynthesis

  • Ryo MatsudaEmail author
  • Keach Murakami
Part of the Progress in Botany book series (BOTANY, volume 77)


Plant leaves do not only sense and respond to their local environment but also the environment experienced by the other leaves within the same plant. This long-distance signaling is involved in the systemic regulation of various photosynthesis-related phenotypic features of leaves. Here, we summarize the recent research on light- and CO2-dependent, leaf-to-leaf systemic regulation. In the short term, leaves can pre-acclimate to excess light at the transcriptional level, in response to systemic signals from other leaves. Several substances, including reactive oxygen species and phytohormones, have been suggested to play key roles in the signaling pathway. In the long term, the light and CO2 environment around mature leaves systemically regulates stomatal development, anatomical structure, and photosynthetic characteristics of young leaves. Possible mechanisms underlying the systemic regulation and the potential importance of systemic regulation in horticultural crop production are discussed.


Young Leaf Common Bean Mature Leaf Hybrid Poplar Photosynthetic Characteristic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are grateful to Prof. Kazuhiro Fujiwara (The University of Tokyo) for his invaluable suggestions.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological and Environmental EngineeringGraduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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