Radiocarbon in the Atmosphere

  • J. C. Turnbull
  • H. Graven
  • N. Y. Krakauer


This chapter examines the controls on radiocarbon (14C) content of CO2 in the atmosphere over time. It discusses atmospheric observations and their interpretation using models of atmospheric transport, which describe the physical mixing of the atmosphere. This spans the simplest conceptual model of addition of a gas into a single well-mixed box of air, to multi-box models with three-dimensional global or regional atmospheric transport models. This format is applied to atmospheric history for five different time periods when different factors dominated atmospheric 14C.


Southern Ocean Planetary Boundary Layer Height Terrestrial Biosphere Fossil Fuel Emission Isotopic Disequilibrium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Turnbull
    • 1
    • 2
  • H. Graven
    • 3
  • N. Y. Krakauer
    • 4
  1. 1.National Isotope Centre, GNS ScienceLower HuttNew Zealand
  2. 2.Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental SciencesUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  3. 3.Department of Physics and Grantham Institute for Climate ChangeImperial College LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.Department of Civil EngineeringThe City College of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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