The “Peer-to-Peer” Economy and Social Ontology: Legal Issues and Theoretical Perspectives
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Several business models based on the use of web platforms have recently become more widespread. These are generally called “peer-to-peer” models, and are much disputed because of their impact on the traditional economy. In this paper, an analysis of the legal concerns – which are briefly presented by assessing a recent Italian court case – introduces the main problem, which is the manipulation of economic and social processes through the control of the information generated by these models. The definition of these issues within a philosophical framework – given by the contrast between a “realistic” perspective and a “naturalistic” vision of “social ontology” – allows directions for future research to be suggested.
KeywordsPeer-to-peer economy Social ontology Philosophy of law Collaborative consumption Legal issues
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