A Semantic, Task-Centered Collaborative Framework for Science
This paper gives an overview of the Organic Data Science framework, a new approach for scientific collaboration that opens the science process and exposes information about shared tasks, participants, and other relevant entities. The framework enables scientists to formulate new tasks and contribute to tasks posed by others. The framework is currently in use by a science community studying the age of water, and is beginning to be used by others.
KeywordsOrganic data science Semantic wiki Collaborative web platforms
The Web was originally developed to support collaboration in science. Although scientists benefit from many forms of collaboration on the Web (e.g., blogs, wikis, forums, code sharing, etc.), most collaborative projects are coordinated over email, phone calls, and in-person meetings.
We are interested in supporting scientific collaborations where joint work occurs on a concrete problem of interest, with many participants, and over a long period of time. Although the Web may be used to share information, there is no explicit support for the shared tasks involved. These tasks are discussed through email, phone calls, and occasional face-to-face meetings.
2 Organic Data Science
We are developing an Organic Data Science framework based on a task-centered organization of the collaboration, and that includes principles from social sciences for successful on-line communities. Figure 1 illustrates the representation of a task, which includes properties such as the owner, participants, start and end times, and expertise required. Users can create additional task properties, as is typical in semantic wikis. They can add subtasks, and sign up as participants in tasks created by others. These tasks capture the what, who, when, and how of the activities pursued by the collaboration, and capture a novel form of science processes that has not been explicitly captured before.
Our Organic Data Science framework is implemented as an extension of a semantic wiki, in particular the Semantic MediaWiki platform . Users can add properties to tasks as needed, and can describe any entity of interest to the collaboration (datasets, software, papers, etc.) using semantic properties of the wiki. Every task has its own page, and therefore a unique URL, which gives users a way to refer to the task from any other pages in the site as well as outside of it. Semantic wikis provide an easy-to-use interface where users can define structured properties, which are then represented in RDF and exported as linked data. The framework is still under development, and it evolves to accommodate user feedback and to incorporate new collaboration features.
We view the scientific collaboration as an on-line community, and have designed the Organic Data Science framework following social design principles uncovered by research on successful on-line communities . The community design aspects are described in . The semantic aspects of the design are described in .
An overview of features supported by existing online collaboration tools.
3 Supporting Scientific Collaboration
The major user of the Organic Data Science framework is a community of hydrologists and limnologists that are studying the age of water in an ecosystem. Other communities are beginning to use the framework for neuroscience and geosciences research.
Owner and participant’s distribution of task types.
Type of task
The Organic Data Science framework provides live collaboration data evaluation for every community with a dashboard. A community dashboard includes a collaboration graph and statistical task metadata. The oldest ODS community is the age of water community1, followed by the Organic Data Science framework development community, geosciences community2 and the private neuroscience community.
We gratefully acknowledge funding from the US National Science Foundation under grant IIS-1344272.
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