Gender Variables and Cyberbullying in College Students
Studies analyzing experiences of cyberbullying among college students have been scarcer than those analyzing cyberbullying among preadolescents and adolescents. However, research has shown that college students face similar problems in their online interactions as students in primary and secondary schools. The prevalence of cyberbullying among college students ranges from 8 to 21 % and may include receiving threatening text messages, sexually harassing messages, spreading rumors, and faking someoneʼs identity. In this chapter, we review cyberbullying research conducted with college students from a quantitative and a qualitative perspective. The quantitative perspective includes an examination of the prevalence rates of cyberbullying, focusing on gender differences in involvement, and an analysis of the studies examining cross-sex cyberbullying, risk factors associated with cyberbullying roles, and the correlates of these behaviors. Second, the qualitative perspective tries to present how college students perceive and define this phenomenon, to what extent they consider it is a problem present in their academic and social environment, their view on the characteristics of people involved in those dynamics, and the differences they found with cyberbullying in primary and secondary schools.
KeywordsCyberbullying College students University Gender Gender differences Cross-sex aggression
- Aricak, O. T. (2009). Psychiatric symptomatology as a predictor of cyberbullying among university students. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 34, 167–184.Google Scholar
- Baldasare, A., Bauman, S., Goldman, L., & Robie, A. (2012). Cyberbullying? Voices of college students. Technologies in Higher Education, 5, 127–155.Google Scholar
- Crosslin, K. L., & Crosslin, M. B. (2014). Cyberbullying at a Texas university. A mixed-methods approach to examining online aggression. Texas Public Health Journal, 66(3), 26–31.Google Scholar
- Dilmac, B. (2009). Psychological needs as a predictor of cyber bullying: A preliminary report on college students. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 9, 1307–1325.Google Scholar
- Englander, E., Mills, E., & McCoy, M. (2009). Cyberbullying and information exposure: User-generated content in post-secondary education. International Journal of Contemporary Sociology, 46(2), 213–230.Google Scholar
- Gilroy, M. (2013). Guns, hazing and cyberbullying among top legal issues on campus. Educational Digest, 78(8), 45–50.Google Scholar
- Hartwell-Walter, M. (2010). Cyberbullying and teen suicide. Psych Central. http://psychcentral.con/lib/2010/cyberbullying-and-teen-suicide/.
- Holt, M. K., Green, J. G., Reid, G., DiMeo, A., Espelage, D. L., Felix, E. D., Furlong, M. J., Poteat, P., & Sharkey, J. D. (2014). Associations between past bullying experiences and psychosocial and academic functioning among college students. Journal of American College Health, 62(8), 552–560. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2014.947990.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Kraft, E., & Wang, J. (2010). An exploratory study of the cyberbullying and cyberstalking experiences and factors related to victimization of students at a public liberal arts college. International Journal of Technologies, 1, 74–91. doi:10.4018/jte.2010100106.Google Scholar
- MacDonald, C. D., & Roberts-Pittman, B. (2010). Cyberbullying among college students: Prevalence and demographic differences. Procedia: Social and behavioral Sciences, 9, 2003–2009. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.436.Google Scholar
- Molluzzo, J. C., & Lawler, J. (2012). A study of the perceptions of college students on cyberbullying. Information Systems Education Journal, 10(4), 84–109.Google Scholar
- Palfrey, J., & Gasser, U. (2008). Opening universities in a digital era. New England Journal of Higher Education, 23(1), 22–24.Google Scholar
- Paullet, K., & Pinchot, J. (2014). Behind the screen where todayʼs bully plays: Perceptions of college students on cyberbullying. Journal of Information Systems Education, 25(1), 63–69.Google Scholar
- Rivituso, J. (2014). Cyberbullying victimization among college students: An interpretive phenomenological analysis. Journal of Information Systems Education, 25, 71–75.Google Scholar
- Smith, J. A., & Yoon, J. (2013). Cyberbullying presence, extent, & forms in a midwestern post-secondary institution. Information Systems Educational Journal, 11, 52–78.Google Scholar
- Washington, E. T. (2014). Why did Tweet that? An examination of cyberbullying among undergraduate students at an urban research university. http://umwa.memphis.edu/etd/.
- Zacchilli, T. L., & Valerio, C. V. (2011). The knowledge and prevalence of cuberbullying in a college sample. Journal of Scientific Psychology, 11–23. http://www.psyencelab.com/images/The_Knowledge_and_Prevalence_of_Cyberbullying_in_a_College_Sample.pdf.