A Picture of Proto-System Jadal

  • Walter Edward Young
Part of the Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning book series (LARI, volume 9)


In this chapter, “A Picture of Proto-System Jadal,” all the findings of preceding analyses are summarized under categorical headings, placing the whole of the subject-text’s dialectical elements in contradistinction to those of the jadal-theory lens-texts surveyed in Chap.  4. These are grouped according to what is more consonant with full-system theory (7.1), and what is more unique to proto-system teaching and practice (7.2), then followed by a host of additional elements from non-sequence arguments (7.3). Ordered listings of the subject-text’s unique question and argument modes, and distinctive formulae of subsumption, extension, and objection, support several of the study’s core theses: there were, indeed, “proto-systems” of both juridical dialectic and legal theory; detailed portraits of these proto-systems emerge through lens-text analysis; and there are clear, genetic relationships between proto-systems and full-systems. Certain elements of wider historical interest are then listed (7.4), and the chapter closes with a few brief remarks on the overall character of proto-system juridical jadal (7.5).


istidlālāt, iʿtirāḍāt, tarjīḥāt Method-naqḍ, naqḍ-dilemma manzila-subsumption, taswiya-subsumption, farq-extension tanāquḍ, mutanāqiḍ Arguments to the maʿqūl 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Edward Young
    • 1
  1. 1.Alexander von Humboldt Kolleg for Islamicate Intellectual HistoryUniversität BonnBonnGermany

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