## Abstract

In geodesy and geoinformatics, most observations are related to unknowns parameters through equations of algebraic (polynomial) type. In cases where the observations are not of polynomial type, as exemplified by the GPS meteorology problem of Chap. 18, they are converted into polynomials. The unknown parameters are then be obtained by solving the resulting polynomial equations. Such solutions are only possible through application of operations addition and multiplication on polynomials which form elements of polynomial rings. This chapter discusses polynomials and the properties that characterize them. Starting from the definitions of*monomials*, basic polynomial aspects that are relevant for daily operations are presented. A*monomial* is defined as

## Keywords

Quadratic Equation Polynomial Equation Real Root Polynomial Ring Quadratic Polynomial## References

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