Advertisement

Partisan Cartographers During the Kansas-Missouri Border War, 1854–1861

  • Karen Severud CookEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

A precursor to the American Civil War erupted in Kansas in 1854 after the U.S. Congress gave homesteaders in the Kansas Territory, newly opened for settlement, the right to vote whether Kansas would be a free or slave-holding state. Conflict between settlers from adjoining slave-holding Missouri and anti-slavery settlers from New England resulted in the guerrilla-style Kansas-Missouri Border War, 1854–1861. At the same time, the Territory was being surveyed and mapped for settlement according to the Public Land Survey System. Surviving documents reveal how political views and cartographic activities mingled in the lives of three surveyors active in Douglas County, the site of both Lecompton, the early pro-slavery capital of Kansas, and Lawrence, the Free-State headquarters. While surveying and mapping the Kansas Territory, Albert Dwight Searl, Isaac Cooper Stuck, and John Brown not only promoted its settlement but also put their lives on the line in opposition to slavery.

Keywords

Section Line Land Transaction Guerrilla Warfare Town Site Land Agent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abels, J (1971) Man on fire. John Brown and the cause of liberty. Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Andreas AT (1883) History of the State of Kansas. AT Andreas, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  3. Anon (27 January 1855a) Chart of Lawrence. Kans Herald of Freedom 2Google Scholar
  4. Anon (13 October 1855b) Map of Osawatomie. Kans Herald of Freedom 2Google Scholar
  5. Anon (12 March 1856a) Report of Kansas legislature. Kans Herald of Freedom 2Google Scholar
  6. Anon (190 April 1856b) A new and reliable map of eastern Kansas. Kans Herald of Freedom 2Google Scholar
  7. Anon (1858) View of Lawrence Kansas looking southward. Middleton Strobridge & Co., CincinnatiGoogle Scholar
  8. Anon (1860–1869) Edmund Burke Whitman photograph http://www.kansasmemory.org/item/228950. Accessed 15 Nov 2014
  9. Anon (30 April 1864) Personal. Olathe Mirror 3Google Scholar
  10. Anon (10 August 1865a) R.R. meeting at Olathe. Olathe Mirror 2Google Scholar
  11. Anon (17 August 1865b) Railroad meeting! Olathe Mirror 2Google Scholar
  12. Anon (17 October 1865c) Pleasant Hill railroad. Dly Kans Tribune 2Google Scholar
  13. Anon (16 November 1866) Council proceedings. Dly Kans Tribune 3Google Scholar
  14. Anon (27 June 1868a) A new map of Lawrence. Dly Kans Tribune 3Google Scholar
  15. Anon (25 June 1868b) Personal. Olathe mirror 3Google Scholar
  16. Anon (15 December 1869) An old settler returned. Dly Kans Tribune 3Google Scholar
  17. Anon (12 February 1870a) Register of Deeds about the city map. Dly Kans Tribune 3Google Scholar
  18. Anon (16 February 1870b) The city map. Dly Kans Tribune 3Google Scholar
  19. Anon (25 March 1871a) Need for a correct map. Dly Kans Tribune 2Google Scholar
  20. Anon (24 August 1871b) The Pleasant Hill road. Lawrence Dly J 3Google Scholar
  21. Anon (30 July 1875) Former Searl & Winchell billiard room. Lawrence Dly J 3Google Scholar
  22. Anon (11 August 1876) Searl back from Ohio. Dly Commonwealth 4Google Scholar
  23. Anon (1879) The United States Biographical Dictionary. Kansas Volume. S. Lewis & Co., Chicago and Kansas CityGoogle Scholar
  24. Anon (2 May 1880) Searle’s [sic] good luck. Lawrence Dly J 2Google Scholar
  25. Anon (12 January 1881a) News of Whitman and Searl. Kans Dly Tribune 4Google Scholar
  26. Anon (8 July 1881b) Birthday surprise party. Kans Dly Tribune 4Google Scholar
  27. Anon (13 April 1883) Judge Foote issued marriage licenses. Lawrence Daily J 4Google Scholar
  28. Anon (30 December 1886) Mr. and Mrs. Mackey’s Reception. Olathe Mirror 3Google Scholar
  29. Anon (20 September 1888a) A sudden death. Olathe Mirror 7Google Scholar
  30. Anon (27 September 1888b) Obituary. Olathe Mirror 2Google Scholar
  31. Anon (13 November 1902a) AD Searl funeral. Jeffersonian Gaz 2Google Scholar
  32. Anon (12 December 1902b) No fear of death. Farmers’ Vindicator 6Google Scholar
  33. Anon (3 June 1914) Death of Mrs. Searl. Jeffersonian Gaz 4Google Scholar
  34. Brougham (3 January 1855) Messrs. Editors. Kans Free State 1Google Scholar
  35. Brown J (1838) Chauncy Newberry surv[e]y-bill. Part of lot no. 12 Franklin, [OH]. John Brown Business Papers, Kansas Historical SocietyGoogle Scholar
  36. Brown J (13 October 1855a) Letter, John Brown to Dear wife (Mary Brown) & children all. http://www.kansasmemory.org/item/4247 Accessed 3 March 2015
  37. Brown J Jr (22 June 1855b) Letter, John Brown, Jr to his father, John Brown. http://www.kansasmemory.org/item/5499. Accessed 3 March 2015
  38. Caldwell MB (1937) The Stubbs. Kans Hist Q 6(2):124–131Google Scholar
  39. Connelley WE (1971) John Brown. Books for Libraries Press, FreeportGoogle Scholar
  40. Du Bois WEB (2007) John Brown. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  41. Fruehauf E (1982) Early surveys in Kansas. Kans Hist 5(2):121–138Google Scholar
  42. Genealogy Trails contributors (2007–2015) Linn County Kansas genealogy trails, Biographies, Simon McGrew. http://genealogytrails.com/kan/linn/bios/mcgre.html. Accessed 4 March 2015
  43. Goodrich T (1998) War to the knife. Bleeding Kansas, 1854–1861. Stackpole Books, MechanicsburgGoogle Scholar
  44. Gregg O (1874) History of Johnson County, Kansas. In: Heisler EF, Smith DM (Hrsg) Atlas map of Johnson County, Kansas. EF Heisler & Co., WyandottGoogle Scholar
  45. Grim RE (1985) Mapping Kansas and Nebraska: the role of the General Land Office. Gt Plains Q 5(3):177–197Google Scholar
  46. Grim RE (1990) Maps of the township and range system. In: Buisseret D (ed) From sea charts to satellite images. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  47. Hanway J (1856) Five-page account of May 24, 1856 killings. http://www.territorialkansasonline.org. Accessed 28 Feb 2015
  48. Harwell RB (1959) A check list of an exhibition of John Brown 1800–1859. University of Kansas Libraries, LawrenceGoogle Scholar
  49. Henderson FE (5 October 1865) Statement of scrip cancelled and accounts allowed by County Board. Olathe Mirror 3Google Scholar
  50. Henderson FE (8 August 1867) Total amount of accounts allowed by the county board. Olathe Mirror 2Google Scholar
  51. Hill H (28 March 1856) Letter to Edmund Burke Whitman. http://www.kansasmemory.org/item/3064. Accessed 28 Feb 2014
  52. Kansas Historical Society (2014) Cool things–John Brown surveying compass. Kansas Historical Society. http://www.kshs.org/kansapedia/cool-things-john-brown-surveying-compass/10189. Accessed 3 March 2015
  53. Kansas State Census (1865) IC Stuck entry. In: Roll ks1865_4, line 38. Monticello Township, Johnson County, KansasGoogle Scholar
  54. Learned H (16 July 1878) Letter from Capt. Learned. Trip from Lawrence to Eureka, Col. Lawrence Dly J 3Google Scholar
  55. Morris R Jr (1995) Ambrose Bierce, alone in bad company. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  56. Norris HJ (1958) Field notes of a dependent resurvey of lines in T’s. 1 & 2 N., R. 14 E. of the 6th P.M., in Richardson County, Nebraska. Nebraska State Surveyor’s OfficeGoogle Scholar
  57. Quastler IE (1995) Charting a course. Lawrence, Kansas, and its railroad strategy, 1854–1872. Kans Hist 18(1):18–33Google Scholar
  58. Sanborn FB (ed) (1891) The life and letters of John Brown, liberator of Kansas, and martyr of Virginia. Roberts Brothers, BostonGoogle Scholar
  59. Savage J (17 July 1870) Recollections of 1854—No. 5. Lawrence Dly J 1Google Scholar
  60. Searl AD (1857a) Palmyra, Kansas. JH Bufford’s Lith, BostonGoogle Scholar
  61. Searl AD (1857b) Prairie City, Kansas. JH Bufford’s Lith, BostonGoogle Scholar
  62. Searl AD (28 May 1890) From Mr. and Mrs. Searl. Lawrence Dly J 4Google Scholar
  63. Sparr RM (4 August 1877) Trip to Ouray. Lawrence Dly J 2Google Scholar
  64. Stuck – Family History & Genealogy Message Board (2013–2014) http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.stuck/299/mb.ashx. Accessed 14 June 2014
  65. Stuck IC (1857) Shawnee Indian reservation plat maps. US General Land Office, KansasGoogle Scholar
  66. Stuck IC (1864) Petition for appointment to colored regiment, Union Army. In: US Union Provost Marshal Papers, 1861–1866, archive roll 260. http://kansasmemory.org/item/225963. Accessed 28 February 2015
  67. US Census of Population (1860) J.C. Stuck entry. In: Series M653, roll 350, p 530. Monticello Township, Johnson County, KansasGoogle Scholar
  68. US Census of Agriculture (1870a) Isaac C. Stuck entry. In: Schedule 3. Production of agriculture in Olathe Township, in the County of Johnson, Kansas, p 3Google Scholar
  69. US Census of Population (1870b) Isaac C Stuck entry. In: Series M593, roll 435, p 605. Olathe Township, Johnson County, KansasGoogle Scholar
  70. US Congress, House, Committee on Claims (1861) Reports of committees of the House of Representatives, made during the second session of the thirty-sixth Congress, 1860-‘61. Gov Print Off, Washington, (DC)Google Scholar
  71. US General Land Office (1867) Report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, for the year 1867. GPO, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  72. US Secretary of State (1857) Register of Officers and agents, civil, military, and naval, in the service of the United States, on the thirtieth September, 1857. AOP Nicholson, Washington, (DC)Google Scholar
  73. US Secretary of the Interior (1860) Report. In: The Executive Documents, printed by order of the Senate of the United States, first session of the thirty-sixth Congress, 1859–1860, vol 1. George W. Bowman, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  74. US Secretary of the Interior (1868) Message of the President of the United States and accompanying documents to the two houses of Congress at the commencement of the third session of the fortieth Congress. GPO, Washington, (DC)Google Scholar
  75. US Secretary of the Treasury (1861) Receipts and expenditures. 37th Congress, House of Representatives, Ex. Doc. No. 36. Washington, (DC)Google Scholar
  76. Villard OG (1910) John Brown 1800–1859, a biography fifty years after. Houghton Mifflin, Boston and New YorkGoogle Scholar
  77. Whitman, Searl (10 May 1856a) New advertisements. Emigrants’ Intelligence Office Kans. Herald of Freedom 3Google Scholar
  78. Whitman, Searl (1856b) Letter with Interrogatories. [n p, Lawrence]. http://www.kansasmemory.org/item/90791. Accessed 9 November 2014
  79. Whitman, Searl (15 June 1856c) Untitled advertisement. [n p, Lawrence]Google Scholar
  80. Williston Northampton School (2013–2014) About us. http://www.williston.com/page.cfm?p=497. Accessed 28 February 2015
  81. Wines JL (28 June 1866) Fourth of July Meeting. Olathe Mirror 3Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of KansasLawrenceUSA

Personalised recommendations