Permian – Triassic Pluton – Volcanic Magmatic Associations in the Song Hien Structure, Northeast Vietnam

  • Trong-Hoa Tran
  • Gleb V. Polyakov
  • Tuan-Anh Tran
  • Alexander S. Borisenko
  • Andrey E. Izokh
  • Pavel A. Balykin
  • Thi-Phuong Ngo
  • Thi-Dung Pham
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE, volume 11)


The Song Hien Basin in northeast Vietnam is linear- shaped, running in the northwest – southeast direction from Vietnam-China border to the easternmost of Lang Son province; with a total length about 200 km the structure divides the Ha Lang belt to the northeast and Phu Ngu belt in the south and southwest. Permian – Triassic magmatism comprises pluton-volcanic felsic and mafic bimodal magmatic associations, including basalt, gabbrodolerite – dolerite (and lherzolite-gabbronorite); rhyodacite – rhyolite and granite. These magmatic associations are spatially, temporally and genetically related. Detailed mineralogical, geochemical and chemically mineralized studies have been conducted intensively on the Song Hien magmatism; among these, the mafic and ultramafic magmas have been described separately while gabbrodolerites were grouped to pluton-volcanic basaltoidic associations. Formation ages of lhrzolite and gabbro-dolerite are 260–262 Ma, while rhyolite – 246 Ma. Geochemical and isotopic data show genetic relationship between basalts and gabbro-dolerite and rhyolite and porphyric granite.

Geochemical features of the Permian Song Hien magmas indicate a uniform evolutional trend for the Permian – Triassic magmas. The Nb, Ta, Sr and Ti depletion is a geochemically streamline character for ultramafic, mafic and felsic rock types, suggesting that their common mantle source may have been contaminated by subduction-derived materialsand are produced by mantle melting following continental collapse that occurred around craton marginal regions under the impact of super-mantle plumes developed under Asian continent.


Lithospheric Mantle Mafic Magma Felsic Magma Rhyolite Magma Emeishan Large Igneous Province 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Trong-Hoa Tran
    • 1
  • Gleb V. Polyakov
    • 2
  • Tuan-Anh Tran
    • 1
  • Alexander S. Borisenko
    • 2
  • Andrey E. Izokh
    • 2
  • Pavel A. Balykin
  • Thi-Phuong Ngo
    • 1
  • Thi-Dung Pham
    • 1
  1. 1.Vietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyInstitute of Geological SciencesHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Russian Academy of ScienceInstitute of Geology and MineralogyNovosibirskRussia

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