Advertisement

Socialization in Sociological Perspectives

  • Ivar FrønesEmail author
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Well-Being and Quality of Life Research book series (BRIEFSWELLBEING)

Abstract

The chapter outlines the basic concepts and theories of socialization in sociology, and relates them to different arenas and agents of socialization, ranging from family and peers to modern media. The chapter examines socialization in light of social structures, social class and cultural patterns, emphasizing the strength of the culture of the taken-for-granted, as well as the child as an active subject constructing meaning in a variety of contexts. Socialization is related to development and learning as well as to children’s well-being.

Keywords

Sociology Play Primary socialization Secondary socialisation Childhood Meaning Cultural discourses 

References

  1. Abboud, S. K., & Kim, J. (2011). Top of the class: How asian parents raise high achievers-and how you can too. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  2. Adorno, T. (1991). The culture industry: Selected essays on mass culture (Ed. J. M. Bernstein). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Althusser, L. (1970). Ideology and ideological state apparatuses In Lenin and philosophy and other essays (pp. 127–86). New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  4. Aries, P. (1962). Centuries of childhood. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  5. Barthes, R. (1972). Mythologies. London: Paladin.Google Scholar
  6. Bauman, Z. (1976). Towards a Critical Sociology: An essay on commonsense and emancipation. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  7. Bauman, Z. (2001). The individualized society. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  8. Bauman Z. (2007). Consuming life. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  9. Beck, U., & Beck-Gernsheim, E. (2002). Individualization: institutionalized individualism and its social and political consequences. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  10. Ben-Arieh, A., & Goerge, R. (2001). Beyond the numbers: How do we monitor the state of our children. Children and Youth Service Review, 23(8), 603–631.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ben-Arieh, A. (2008). The child indicators movement. Past, Present, and Future Child Indicators Research, 1(1), 3–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ben-Arieh, A., & Frønes, I. (2011). Taxonomy for child well-being indicators: A framework for the analysis of the well-being of children. Childhood, 18(4), 460–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ben-Arieh, A., Kaufman, H. N., Andrews, B. A., George, R., Lee, B. J., & Aber, J. L. (2001). Measuring and monitoring children’s well being. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1966). Social construction of reality: A treatise in the sociology of knowledge. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  15. Berman, M. (1982). All that is solid melts into air: The experience of modernity. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  16. Bernstein, B. (1971). Class, code and control: Volume 1: Theoretical studies towards a sociology of language. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  17. Bernstein, B. (1973). Class, code and control: Volume 2: Applied studies towards a sociology of language. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  18. Bloch, H., & Niederhoffer, A. (1958). The gang: A study of adolescent behavior. New York: Philosophical Library.Google Scholar
  19. Boudon; R. (1974). Education, opportunity and social inequality. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  20. Boudon, R. (1981). The logic of social action. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Bourdieu, P. (1977). Outline of a theory of praxis Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction: a social critique of the judgment of taste. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education (pp. 241–258). New York: Greenwood.Google Scholar
  24. Bourdieu, P., & Passeron, J. C. (1990). Reproduction in education, society and culture. London: Sage. (Published in French in 1970).Google Scholar
  25. Boyd, D. (2008). Friendship In M Ito et al. (Eds.), Hanging out, messing around, geeking out: Living and learning with new media. Cambridge: MIT Press, https://mitpress.mit.edu/sites/default/files/titles/free_download/9780262013369_Hanging_Out.pdf. Accessed June 30 2015.
  26. Bracher, M. (1993). Lacan discourses and social change; a psychoanalytic cultural criticism. Cornell University Press Free Ebook: http://newfreeebook.com/Bracher-Lacan-Discourse-and-Social-Change-A-Psychoanalytic-Cultural-Criticism.html. Accessed June 30 2015.
  27. Brandtzæg, P. B., & Heim, J. (2009). Why people use social networking sites. In A. A. Ozok & P. Zaphiris (Eds.), Proceedings of the HCI International (pp. 143–152).. Online Communities. Berlin, Heidelberg, San Diego: Springer.Google Scholar
  28. Brusdal, R., & Frønes, I. (2013). The purchase of moral positions: an essay on the markets of concerned parenting. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 37(2), 159–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Buber, M. (1958). I and Thou. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
  30. Cohen, A. K. (1955). Delinquent boys: The culture of the Gang. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  31. Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94(Supplement), 95–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Coleman, J. S., et al. (1966). Equality of educational opportunity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  33. Corsaro, W. (1992). Interpretive reproduction in children’s peer cultures. Social Psychology Quarterly, 55(2), 160–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. William, Corsaro. (2005). The sociology of childhood. Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press.Google Scholar
  35. Dedeoglue, A. Ö. (2006). Discourses of motherhood and consumption practices of Turkish mothers. In L. Stevens & J. Borgerson (Eds.), Gender and consumer behavior. Edinburgh, Scottland: Association for Consumer Research. http://acrwebsite.org/volumes/12519/gender/v08/GCB-08. Accessed June 30 2015.
  36. Douglas, M. (1966). Thought styles: Critical essays on good taste. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  37. Durkheim, E. (1986). What is a social fact? Excerpt from Robert Alun Jones. Emile Durkheim: An introduction to four major works (pp. 60–81). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage http://durkheim.uchicago.edu/Summaries/rules.html#pgfId=2754. Accessed June 30 2015.
  38. Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity, youth and crisis. New York: W. W. Norton Company.Google Scholar
  39. Frønes, I. (1995). Among peers. Oslo, Stockholm: Scandinavian University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Foucault, M. (2002). The order of things: An archaeology of the human sciences. London: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
  41. Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and self-identity. Self and society in the late modern age. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  42. Goffman, E. (1959). The presentation of self in everyday life. Edinburgh: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  43. Goffman, E. (1967). Interaction ritual: Essays on face-to-face behavior. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  44. Gramsci, A. (1971). Selections from the Prison notebooks. New York: International Publishers Co.Google Scholar
  45. Habermas, J. (1984–1987). The Theory of Communicative Action. 2 vols Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  46. Hargittai, E., & Hinnant, A. (2008). Digital inequality: Differences in young adults’ use of the internet. Communication Research, 35(5), 602–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Harris, J. R. (1998). The nurture assumption: Why children turn out the way they do. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  48. Hebdige, D. (1988). Hiding in the light. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Heller, A. (1976). The theory of need in Marx. London: Allison and Busby.Google Scholar
  50. Hetherington, M., Reiss, D., & Plomin, R. (1994). Separate social worlds of siblings: The impact of non-shared environment on development. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  51. Jackson, P. W. (1968). Life in classrooms. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  52. James, A., Jenks, C., & Prout, A. (1998). Theorizing childhood. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  53. Kagan, J. (1998). Three seductive ideas. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  54. Korbin, J. (2010). Children in context. Children and Society, 24(6), 435–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Lareau, A. (2003). Uneqal childhoods: Class, race, and family life. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  56. Lévi-Strauss, C. (1963). Structural anthropology. New York: Doubleday Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  57. Lewis O (1963). The children of Sanchez: Autobiography of a Mexican family. New York: Vintage books.Google Scholar
  58. Livingstone, S. (2008). Taking risky opportunities in youthful content creation: teenagers’ use of social networking sites for intimacy, privacy and self-expression. New Media & Society, 10(3), 393–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Lyotard, J.-F. (1984). The postmodern condition: A report on knowledge. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  60. Malinowski, B. (1922). Argonauts of the Western Pacific: An account of native enterprise and adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Guinea. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  61. Marcuse, H. (1964). One dimensional man. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  62. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. McLuhan, M. (1964). Understanding media: The extensions of man. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  64. Mead, G. H. (1999). Play, school and society. New York: American University Studies: Series 11, Anthropology and Sociology. Vol. 71. Peter Lang International Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  65. Merton, R. K. (1938). Social structure and anomie. American Sociological Review, 3(5), 672–682.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Mesle, R. (2008). Process-relational philosophy: An introduction to Alfred North Whitehead. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: Templeton Foundation Press.Google Scholar
  67. Parsons, T., & Bales, R. (1956). Family, socialization and interaction process. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  68. Piaget, J. (1928). Judgment and reasoning in the child. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Plomin, R., & Daniels, D. (1987). Why are children in the same family so different from each other? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 10, 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Radcliffe-Brown, A. R. (1940). On Joking relationships. Journal of the International African Institute, 13(3), 195–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Raghavan and Alexandrova. (2014). Toward a theory of child well-being. Social Indicators Research, 121(3), 887–902.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Reynolds, A. J., & Clements, M. (2005). Parental involvement and children’s school success. In E. Patrikakou, R. Weisberg, P. S. Redding, & H. J. Walberg (Eds.), School-family partnerships for children’s success (pp. 109–127). New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  73. Rutschky, K. (1977). Schwarze Pädagogik. Quellen zur Naturgeschichte der bürgerlichen Erziehung. Frankfurt, Berlin, Wien: Verlag Ullstein Gmbh.Google Scholar
  74. Sawyer, K. (2005). Social emergence: Societies as complex systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Schneider, M. (1975). Samhället som sjukdom. Till kritiken av den borgerliga psykologin. Stockholm: Rabén & Sjøgren.Google Scholar
  76. Seabrook, J. (1982). Working class childhood. London: Gollancz.Google Scholar
  77. Sen, A. (1993). Capability and well-being. In M. Nussbaum & A. Sen (Eds.), The quality of life (pp. 31–53). New York: Oxford Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  78. Sennet, R. (1977). The fall of public man. New York: Knopf.Google Scholar
  79. Simmel, G. (1904). Fashion. International Quarterly, 10(1), 130–155. Reprinted in American Journal of Sociology, 62(6), 541–558. (May 1957).Google Scholar
  80. Stubenrauch, H., & Ziehe, T. (1981). Narziss - Ein neuer Sozialisationstypus? Frankfurt: päd. -Extra Buchverlag.Google Scholar
  81. Thaler, R. H., & Sunstein, C.R. (2008). Nudge: improving decisions about health, wealth, and happiness. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  82. Whitehead, A. N. (1979). Process and reality: an essay in cosmology. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  83. Wittgenstein, Ludwig. (1965). Philosophical investigations. New York: The Macmillan Company.Google Scholar
  84. Wærdahl, R. (2005). May be I’ll need a pair of Levi’s before junior high? Child to youth trajectories and anticipatory socialization. Childhood, 12(2), 201–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Young, M. (1958). The rise of the meritocracy, 1870–2033: an essay on education and inequality. London: Thames & Hudson.Google Scholar
  86. Zhao, C. (2011). Cultural differences on visual self-presentation through social networking site profile images. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1129–1132). http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1979110. Accessed June 29 2015.
  87. Ziehe, T. (1975). Pubertät und Narzissmus Sind Jugendliche entpolitisiert?. Frankfurt a.M.: Europäische Verlagsanstalt.Google Scholar
  88. Ziehe, T. (1989). (In Danish) Ambivalens og mangfoldighed. København/Copenhagen: Politisk Revy.Google Scholar
  89. Ziehe, T. (2004). Islands of intensity on a sea of routine. New articles on youth, education, and culture. Copenhagen: Politisk revy. Anthology in Danish.Google Scholar
  90. Žižek, S. (2006). How to read Lacan. London: Granta Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Depart of Sociology and Human GeogrUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

Personalised recommendations