Modular Concept for Municipal Water Management in the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia



Mongolia is a country with limited water resources but a rising water consumption due to an increasing population, urbanization and economic growth, which is largely driven by a booming mining sector. These processes do not only lead to greater water abstractions, but also contribute to water quality and aquatic ecosystem deterioration. Urban areas play a key role in this context, since water abstractions and waste water generation are concentrated here. However, there are considerable disparities between urban centers with centralized water supply and sewage infrastructures and peri-urban regions. Where existant, infrastructures for drinking water supply and wastewater collection and treatment are often in a poor state of maintenance, leading to the contamination of groundwater and surface water bodies with pathogens, nutrients, and other chemical substances. This paper presents components of a modular concept for urban water management at the example of Darkhan Uul Aimag, which were developed and pilot-tested in the context of a project aiming at the development and implementation of an integrated water resources management (IWRM) for the North Mongolian Kharaa River Basin. It is discussed how solutions were adapted to local situations, considering both sustainable resource utilization and local acceptance.


Chemical Oxygen Demand Drinking Water Supply Water Distribution System Integrate Water Resource Management Wastewater Treatment System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) for providing the project funding in the framework of the FONA (Research for Sustainable Development) initiative (grant no. 033L003). They acknowledge the support provided by the Project Administration Jülich (PTJ) and the BMBF/International Bureau in the context of the “Assistance for Implementation” (AIM) scheme and thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Helmholtz Centre for Environmental ResearchLeipzig/MagdeburgGermany
  2. 2.Duisburg-Essen UniversityEssenGermany
  3. 3.Bauhaus-Universität WeimarWeimarGermany
  4. 4.Bergmann Beton + Abwassertechnik GmbHPenigGermany
  5. 5.p2m berlin GmbHBerlinGermany
  6. 6.Fraunhofer Application Center for Systems TechnologyIlmenauGermany
  7. 7.Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland FisheriesBerlinGermany

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