Conference on e-Business, e-Services and e-Society

Open and Big Data Management and Innovation pp 247-260

Open Data Landscape: A Global Perspective and a Focus on China

  • Charles Shen
  • Zainab Riaz
  • Madhuri S. Palle
  • Qiurui Jin
  • Feniosky Peña-Mora
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9373)

Abstract

Governments are producing significant public data that, if made open, is expected to create enormous social and commercial value as well as improve the civil governance. Unleashing the true power of open public data requires a much better understanding of its ecosystem than is known currently. This paper surveys the global open data landscape by taking into account the Open Data Barometer (ODB) ranking system and its three sub-indexes - readiness, implementation and impact. These indexes are compared and analyzed on the basis of income levels of the ODB ranked countries. Finally, using air quality open data, data availability in developing countries like China is compared with countries of better practices such as UK and US. The comparison helps in understanding the current situation and barriers in opening data in China.

Keywords

Open data Data availability Air quality data 

References

  1. 1.
    Open Knowledge. What is Open? (2015). https://okfn.org/opendata/. Accessed 12 Feb 2015
  2. 2.
    Goldstein, B., Dyson, L.: Beyond Transparency: Open Data and the Future of Civic Innovation, 1st edn. Code for America Press, San Francisco (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Huijboom, N., Van den Broek, T.: Open data: an international comparison of strategies. Eur. J. ePractice 12, March/April 2011Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Heimstädt, M., Saunderson, F., Heath, T.: Conceptualizing Open Data ecosystems: A timeline analysis of Open Data development in the UK, Discussion Paper, School of Business & Economics: Management, No. 2014/12Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kassen, M.: A promising phenomenon of open data. Gov. Inf. Q. 30(4), 508–513 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Janssen, M., Charalabidis, Y., Zuiderwijk, A.: Benefits: adoption barriers and myths of open data and open government. Inf. Syst. Manage. 29(4), 258–268 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zuiderwijk, A., Janssen, M.: Open data policies, their implementation and impact: a framework for comparison. Gov. Inf. Q. 31(1), 17–29 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hartmann, P.M., Zaki, M., Feldmann, N., Neely, A.: Big Data for Big Business? Working Paper, Cambridge Service Alliance, University of Cambridge (2015). http://www.cambridgeservicealliance.org/. Accessed Feb 2015
  9. 9.
    Magalhaes, G., Manley, L.: Business models for open government data. In: Proceedings of the 8th Annual International Conference on Theory and Practices of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV), Guimarães, Portugal, Oct 2014Google Scholar
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
    Shadbolt, N., O’Hara, K., Berners-Lee, T., Gibbins, N., Glaser, H., Hall, W., Schraefel, M.C.: Linked open government data: lessons from Data.gov.uk. IEEE Intell. Syst. 27(3), 16–24 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    World Urbanization Prospects - The 2014 Revision (2014). http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/Highlights/WUP2014-Highlights.pdf. Accessed 5 Mar 2015
  13. 13.
    The World Bank. Data (2015). http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups. Accessed 21 Mar 2015
  14. 14.
    President Xi’s Requirements on Jing-jin-ji Coordinated Development Plan (2015). http://news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2014-02/27/c_119538131.htm. Accessed 19 Jun 2015
  15. 15.
    Open Data Barometer, 2nd edn. (2015). http://www.opendatabarometer.org/report/about/method.html. Accessed 5 Mar 2015
  16. 16.
    The World Bank – Open Government Data Working Group (2013). http://data.worldbank.org/sites/default/files/1/od_readiness_-_revised_v2.pdf. Accessed 20 Feb 2015
  17. 17.
    Open Knowledge Foundation – Open Data Index (2014). https://index.okfn.org/country. Accessed 19 April 2015
  18. 18.
    Capgemini Consulting – The Open Data Economy: Unlocking Economic Value by Opening Government and Public Data (2013). http://ebooks.capgemini-consulting.com/The-Open-Data-Economy/#/4/. Accessed 19 April 2015
  19. 19.
    Susha, I., Zuiderwijk, A., Janssen, M., Gronlund, A.: Benchmarks for evaluating the progress of open data adoption: usage, limitations, and lessons learned. Soc. Sci. Comput. Rev. (2014). doi:10.1177/0894439314560852 Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    ePSI Platform – The PSI Scoreboard (2015). http://www.epsiplatform.eu/content/european-psi-scoreboard. Accessed 19 April 2015
  21. 21.
    Matheus, R., Ribeiro, M.M.: Open data in legislative: The case of Sao Paulo (2014). http://www.opendataresearch.org/content/2014/665/open-data-legislature-case-s%C3%A3o-paulo-city-council. Accessed 25 Mar 2015
  22. 22.
    The White House. Open Data Initiative (2013). https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/05/09/continued-progress-and-plans-open-government-data. Accessed 06 Apr 2015
  23. 23.
    Data.Gov (2015). http://www.data.gov/. Accessed 2 Feb 2015
  24. 24.
    Data.Gov.UK Opening Up Government (2015). http://data.gov.uk/. Accessed 2 Feb 2015
  25. 25.
    EPA. Air Quality Report (2014). http://www.epa.gov/airquality/airdata/ad_rep_aqi.html. Accessed 20 Apr 2015
  26. 26.
    Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs (2015). http://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/air-pollution/daqi. Accessed 19 Apr 2015
  27. 27.
    Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China (2015). http://datacenter.mep.gov.cn/. Accessed 12 Apr 2015

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Shen
    • 1
  • Zainab Riaz
    • 1
  • Madhuri S. Palle
    • 1
  • Qiurui Jin
    • 1
  • Feniosky Peña-Mora
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced ConsTruction and InfOrmation techNology (ACTION) Laboratory, Civil Engineering and Engineering MechanicsColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations