Problems at the Basis of Susan Haack’s Foundherentism

  • Nikolai Ruppert
  • Riske Schlüter
  • Ansgar Seide
Part of the Münster Lectures in Philosophy book series (MUELP, volume 2)


In her book Evidence and Inquiry (1993/2009), Susan Haack develops an account of epistemic justification called “foundherentism.” Foundherentism is supposed to be an intermediate position between foundationalism and coherentism that leads to a solution of well-known problems these standard accounts face. In our paper, we discuss Haack’s foundherentism and argue that it shares an important trait with foundationalism, a trait that is at the core of one of the biggest problems of foundationalist theories. And as it seems to us, Haack’s foundherentism does not supply the resources for a satisfying solution to this problem.


Standard Account Propositional Content Justify Belief Basic Belief Epistemic Justification 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. BonJour, Laurence. 1985. The structure of empirical justification. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  2. BonJour, Laurence. 1997. Haack on justification and experience. Synthese 112(1): 12–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Davidson, Donald. 1983. A coherence theory of truth and knowledge. In: Kant oder Hegel? ed. D. Henrich, 423–438. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta. [Reprinted in Davidson, Donald 2001. Subjective, intersubjective, objective, 137–153. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Page references are to Davidson 2001]Google Scholar
  4. Haack, Susan. 1993. Evidence and inquiry: Towards reconstruction in epistemology. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  5. Haack, Susan. 1996. Reply to commentators. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56(3): 641–656.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Haack, Susan. 1997. Reply to BonJour. Synthese 112(1): 25–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Haack, Susan. 2003. Defending science—Within reason: Between scientism and cynicism. Amherst: Prometheus Books.Google Scholar
  8. Haack, Susan. 2009. Evidence and inquiry: A pragmatist reconstruction of epistemology. Amherst: Prometheus Books. [2nd, expanded edition of Haack 1993].Google Scholar
  9. Tramel, Peter. 2008. Haack’s foundherentism is a foundationalism. Synthese 160(2): 215–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolai Ruppert
    • 1
  • Riske Schlüter
    • 1
  • Ansgar Seide
    • 1
  1. 1.Philosophisches SeminarWWU MünsterMünsterGermany

Personalised recommendations