Economic Modeling and the Management of Exotic Annual Bromus Species: Accounting for Ecosystem Dynamics, Ecological Thresholds, and Spatial Interdependencies

  • Mark EiswerthEmail author
  • Rebecca Epanchin-Niell
  • Kimberly Rollins
  • Michael H. Taylor
Part of the Springer Series on Environmental Management book series (SSEM)


This chapter describes how economic models can inform management of exotic annual Bromus species on rangelands in the Western United States. It surveys published studies that develop bio-economic models of the management of Bromus species and other exotic annual invasive grasses, focusing on the challenges of representing the complex dynamics of rangeland ecosystems within tractable models of economic decision-making. The discussion starts with elements that are common to most economic models of Bromus management, then turns to contributions from the literature that have developed bio-economic models that capture three salient features of Bromus invasion: the dynamics of Bromus invasion, ecological thresholds related to Bromus, and spatial interdependencies in biophysical and human systems. The chapter synthesizes insights gained from this literature for managing Bromus in the Western United States, including insights on where to direct Bromus management resources on the landscape to achieve the greatest benefit given limited funds for management and on how to improve the design of policies that encourage socially efficient Bromus management by private land managers. The chapter concludes by identifying key areas where further research into the economics of Bromus management is needed.


Economics Policy Bromus tectorum Invasive species Invasive plant management 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Eiswerth
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rebecca Epanchin-Niell
    • 2
  • Kimberly Rollins
    • 3
  • Michael H. Taylor
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of Northern ColoradoGreeleyUSA
  2. 2.Resources for the FutureWashington, DCUSA
  3. 3.Department of EconomicsUniversity of Nevada, RenoRenoUSA

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