Overview of Arterial Stiffness

  • Bradley S. Fleenor
  • Adam J. Berrones
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Physiology book series (BRIEFSPHYSIOL)


Arterial stiffness is a novel risk factor for cardiovascular disease resulting from functional and structural changes within arteries. Greater arterial stiffening places negative consequences on the heart, because greater effort is required for the myocardium to overcome the resultant increase in afterload. While the etiology of arterial stiffness is not entirely clear, aging appears to be the principal accelerator of the functional and structural remodeling that occurs in the arteries after the third decade of life. Importantly, arterial stiffness can be easily assessed with potential for routine clinical measurement.


Aorta Stiffness Cardiovascular Pulse wave velocity Mortality 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bradley S. Fleenor
    • 1
  • Adam J. Berrones
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Kinesiology and Health PromotionUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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