Advertisement

“Seeing Through a Glass Darkly”: Israeli and Egyptian Images of the Other During the Nasserite Period (1952–1970)

  • Elie PodehEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS)

Abstract

Based on Daniel Bar-Tal’s theoretical contribution, this chapter explores Egyptian and Israeli perceptions of the Other during the stormy years of 1952–1970, when Egypt was under the rule of its charismatic leader, Gamal ‘Abd al-Nasser. The main thesis is that both countries developed a diabolical image of each other, which hampered the chances of conducting a serious peaceful dialogue. These mutual negative images trickled top down to society and became an integral part of each nation’s collective memory. Interestingly, however, these negative images of the Other eventually did not prevent the conclusion of a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, in March 1979, between Anwar al-Sadat, the Egyptian President, and Menachem Begin, the Israeli Prime Minister.

Keywords

Middle East Negative Image Arab World Suez Canal Charismatic Leader 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Aburish, S. K. (2004). Nasser: The last Arab. New York, NY: Thomas Dunne Books.Google Scholar
  2. Bar-Tal, D. (1998). The rocky road toward peace: Beliefs on conflict in Israeli textbooks. Journal of Peace Research, 35, 723–742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bar-Tal, D. (2001). Why does fear override hope in societies engulfed by intractable conflict as it does in the Israeli society? Political Psychology, 22, 601–627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bar-Tal, D. (2013). Intractable conflicts: Socio-psychological foundations and dynamics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bar-Tal, D., & Bennink, G. H. (2004). The nature of reconciliation as an outcome and as a process. In Y. Bar-Siman-Tov (Ed.), From conflict resolution to reconciliation (pp. 11–38). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bar-Tal, D., & Hammack, P. L. (2012). Conflict, delegitimization, and violence. In L. R. Tropp (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of intergroup conflict (pp. 29–52). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Bar-Tal, D., & Teichman, Y. (2005). Stereotypes and prejudice in conflict: representations of Arabs in Israeli Jewish society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bar-Zohar, M. (1965). The hunt of the German scientists. Jerusalem: Shoken (in Hebrew).Google Scholar
  9. Beinin, J. (1998). The dispersion of Egyptian Jewry: Culture, politics, and the formation of modern diaspora. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  10. Doran, M. (1999). Pan-Arabism before Nasser: Egyptian power politics and the Palestine question. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. George, L. A. (1980). Presidential decisionmaking in foreign policy: The effective use of information and advice. Boulder, CO: Westview.Google Scholar
  12. Gershoni, I., & Jankowski, J. P. (1995). Redefining the Egyptian nation, 1930-1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gordon, J. (2006). Nasser: Hero of the Arab nation. Oxford: Oneworld.Google Scholar
  14. Harkabi, Y. (1967). The indoctrination against Israel in UAR armed forces. Tel Aviv: Ministry of Defense (in Hebrew).Google Scholar
  15. Harkabi, Y. (1976). Arab attitudes to Israel. Jerusalem: Keter Publishing House.Google Scholar
  16. Heikal, H. M. (1986). Cutting the lion’s tail: Suez through Egyptian eyes. London: Andre Deutsch.Google Scholar
  17. Isaacs, R. H. (1975). Some concluding remarks: The turning mirrors. In A. Iriye (Ed.), Mutual images: Essays in American-Japanese relations. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  18. James, M. L. (2006). Nasser at war: Arab images of the enemy. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Khalidi, W. (1973). Nasser’s memoirs of the first Palestine war. Journal of Palestine Studies, 2, 3–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Klein, M. (1997). Ikhtarna Laka (We have selected for you): A critique of Egypt’s revolutionary culture. Orient, 38, 677–691.Google Scholar
  21. Laqueur, W. (1969). The road to war: The origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.Google Scholar
  22. Laskier, M. M. (1992). The Jews of Egypt 1920-1970: In the midst of Zionism, Anti-Semitism and the Middle East conflict. New York, NY: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Lazarus-Yaffe, H. (1999). The transplantation of Islamic studies from Europe to the Yishuv and Israel. In M. Kramer (Ed.), The Jewish discovery of Islam: Studies in honor of Bernard Lewis (pp. 250–253). Tel Aviv: The Moshe Dayan Center for African and Middle East Studies.Google Scholar
  24. Lewis, B. (1986). Semites and Anti-Semites: An inquiry into conflict and prejudice. New York, NY: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  25. Mayer, T. (1987). The image of the Egyptian Jewry in recent Egyptian studies. In S. Shamir (Ed.), The Jews of Egypt: A Mediterranean society in modern times. Boulder, CO: Westview.Google Scholar
  26. Milson, M. (1997). The beginnings of Arabic and Islamic studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In S. Katz & M. Heyd (Eds.), The history of the Hebrew University: Origins and beginnings. Jerusalem: Magness Press (in Hebrew).Google Scholar
  27. Mohi El Din, K. (1995). Memories of a Revolution: Egypt 1952. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press.Google Scholar
  28. Nasser, G. A. (1955). Egypt’s liberation: The philosophy of the revolution. Washington, DC: Public Affairs Press.Google Scholar
  29. Podeh, E. (1997). Rethinking Israel in the Middle East. Israel Affairs, 3, 280–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Podeh, E. (2002). The Arab-Israeli conflict in Israeli history textbooks, 1948-2000. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey (Greenwood).Google Scholar
  31. Podeh, E. (2004). Demonizing the other: Israeli perceptions of Nasser and Nasserism. In E. Podeh & O. Winckler (Eds.), Rethinking Nasserism: Revolution and historical memory in modern Egypt (pp. 72–99). Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida.Google Scholar
  32. Podeh, E. (2006). Israel in the Middle East or Israel and the Middle East: A reappraisal. In E. Podeh & A. Kaufman (Eds.), Arab-Jewish relations: From conflict to resolution? Essays in honor of Professor Moshe Ma’oz. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press.Google Scholar
  33. Podeh, E. (2007). Normal relations without normalization: The evolution of Egyptian-Israeli relations, 1979-2006—The politics of Cold War. In E. G. Corr, J. Ginat, & S. M. Gabbay (Eds.), The search for Israeli-Arab peace: Learning from the past and building trust. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press.Google Scholar
  34. Podeh, E. (2015). Chances for peace: Plausible missed opportunities in the Arab-Israeli conflict. Austin, TX: University Press of Texas.Google Scholar
  35. Podeh, E. (forthcoming). A distorted other: The Jews, Israel and the Arab-Israeli conflict in Egyptian school textbooks. In E. Podeh, & S. Alayan (Eds.), The view of the other in school textbooks in the Middle East. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  36. Ram, H. (2009). Iranophobia: The logic of an Israeli obsession. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Rejwan, N. (1974). Nasserist ideology: Its exponents and critics. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  38. Sela, A. (1998). The decline of the Arab-Israeli conflict: Middle East politics and the quest for regional order. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  39. Shafik, V. (2007). Popular Egyptian cinema: Gender, class and nation. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Shalom, Z. (1995). David Ben-Gurion, the state of Israel and the Arab World, 1949-1956. Sde Boker: The Center for Ben-Gurion Heritage (in Hebrew).Google Scholar
  41. Sheffer, G. (1996). Moshe Sharett: Biography of a political moderate. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Shemesh, M. (1996). The Palestinian entity 1959-1974: Arab politics and the PLO (2nd revised.) London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar
  43. Somekh, S. (1996). The image of Jews in modern Arabic literature. In H. Lazarus-Yafeh (Ed.), Muslim authors on Jews and Judaism: The Jews among their Muslim neighbors. Jerusalem: The Zalman Shazar Center for Jewish History (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  44. Stein, E. (2012). Representing Israel in modern Egypt. London: I. B. Tauris.Google Scholar
  45. Telhami, G. H. (1992). Palestine and the Egyptian national identity. New York, NY: Praeger.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Islamic and Middle Eastern StudiesHebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations