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The Israeli Collective Memory of the Israeli-Arab/Palestinian Conflict: Its Characteristics and Relation to the Conflict

  • Rafi Nets-ZehngutEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS)

Abstract

The dynamics of the Israeli-Arab/Palestinian conflict are highly influenced by its collective memory (CM) among Israeli-Jews. This umbrella category of CM includes several main types of memories: popular memory (that of the society at large), official memory (that of the state), autobiographical memory (that of persons who experienced events directly, e.g., war veterans), historical memory (that of academia), and cultural memory (e.g., of the media and cultural channels). The Israeli collective memory (and its various subtypes) has changed over the years. Initially, after 1948 when the State of Israel was founded, it was highly distorted and biased in favor of the Israeli-Jews. As time passed, however, mostly since the 1970s, this memory has changed, to become less biased as well as more accurate and critical. This process took place in a larger context of the Israeli-Jewish repertoire of the conflict, which includes, aside from the collective memory, the ethos of the conflict and its collective emotional orientation. This chapter reviews the process that the Israeli-Jewish CM went through over the years. It describes the characteristics of the process, its determinants, its relationship to the ethos of conflict and the collective emotional orientation, and the phenomenon of self-censorship, one of the mechanisms that inhibited the aforementioned change of the Israeli CM prior to the 1970s. It also discusses the impact of this memory on the continuation or resolution of the conflict and the impacts of the Palestinian and Israeli CMs on each other.

Keywords

Autobiographical Memory Newspaper Article Collective Memory Psychological Reaction Israeli Defense Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Conflict Resolution, Management and Negotiation Graduate ProgramBar-Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael

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