Best Practices for e-Learning in On-Campus and Distance Education – A Case Study of Karlstad University

  • Prima Gustiené
  • Monika MagnussonEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 538)


For the last decades e-learning has enabled new modes of learning and teaching in higher education. However, there seem to be relatively few case studies comparing and analysing how e-learning could be applied in different teaching modes. The main purpose of this paper is therefore to study how e-learning may be used in on-campus and distance educations respectively, and hybrids of these, and what the advantages and disadvantages of different teaching modes are. A case study of the Information Systems department at Karlstad University indicates that e-learning may be successfully applied in both on- campus and distance education and it may also be used to create flexible or blended learning. However, some caution is necessary to avoid creating information overload among on-campus students or to reduce the highly appreciated flexibility in time and space for distance students.


e-Learning Distance education On-campus education Flexible learning Blended learning Higher education 


  1. 1.
    Akkoyunlu, B., Soylu, M.Y.: A Study of student’s perceptions in a blended learning environment based on different leaning styles. Educ. Technol. Soc. 11(1), 183–193 (2008)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Duncan-Hawell, J.: Digital mismatch: expectations and realities of digital competency amongst pre-service education students. Aust. J. Educ. Technol. 28(5), 827–840 (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ferriman, J.: Blended Learning is Better Learning? (2005)
  4. 4.
    Graham, C.R., Woodfield, W., Harrison, J., Buckley, J.: A framework for institutional adoption and implementation of blended learning in higher education. Internet High Educ. 18, 4–14 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gråsjö, F.: Policy Document: Strategy for Developing Blended Learning at Karlstad University. Karlstad University, Vice-Chancellor’s Office (2014)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gustiené, P., Carlsson, S.: How models and methods for analysis and design of information systems can be improved to better support communication and learning. In: Pankowska, M. (ed.) Infonomics for Distributed Business and Decision-Making Environment: Creating Information System Ecology, pp. 44–63. IGI Global, New York (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Halvorsen, L.R., Graham, C.R., Spring, K.J., Drysdale, J.S., Henrie, C.R.: A thematic analysis of the most highly cited scholarships in the first decade of blended learning research. Internet High. Educ. 20, 20–34 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jona, K.: Rethinking the design of online courses. In: Proceedings ASCILITE 2000 Conference (2000)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
    Lee, Y., Choi, J., Kim, T.: Discriminating factors between completers of a dropouts from online learning courses. Br. J. Educ. Technol. 44(2), 328–337 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lindh, M.: Study Guide for Distance Learning. Karlstad University, Department for Political and Historical Studies (2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Simpson, O.: Student retention in distance education: are we failing our students? Open Learn. 28(2), 105–119 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Smith, K.A., Sheppard, S.D., Johnson, D.W., Johnson, R.T.: Pedagogies of engagement: classroom-based practices. J. Eng. Educ. 94(1), 1–15 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Swedish Council for Higher Education. Application statistics.
  15. 15.
    Sun, P.C., Tsai, R.J., Finger, G., Chen, Y.Y., Yeh, D.: What drives a successful e-Learning? An empirical investigation of the critical factors influencing learner satisfaction. Comput. Educ. 50(4), 1183–1202 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Taylor, J.A., Newton, D.: Beyond blended learning: a case study of institutional change at an Australian regional university. Internet High. Educ. 18, 54–60 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Thoms, B., Eryilmaz, E.: How media choice affects learners interaction in distance learning classes. Comput. Educ. 75, 112–126 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Thompson, N.L., Miller, N.C., Franz, D.P.: Comparing online and face-to-face learning experiences for non-traditional students. Q. Rev. Distance Educ. 14(4), 233 (2013)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thorne, K.: Blended Learning: How to Integrate Online and Traditional Learning. Kogan Page, London (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Karlstad Business SchoolKarlstad UniversityKarlstadSweden

Personalised recommendations