Advertisement

Cellulosic Packaging Materials

  • Luciano PiergiovanniEmail author
  • Sara Limbo
Chapter
  • 2.1k Downloads
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)

Abstract

The most abundant biopolymers in the biosphere are carbohydrates polymers which account for three-fourth of the global available biomass. Cellulose is, by far, the most abundant and widely spread carbohydrates polymer and the first renewable organic material. The packaging industry uses cellulose-based materials on a very large scale: these matters represent the biggest part of the whole packaging materials in all countries. Actually, cellulosic packaging is quite a broad category of different types including both primary and secondary packages, as well as wrapping materials and containers. In fact, even if the basic chemical structure of cellulose is the same in all the different cellulosic materials, their final structure can be significantly dissimilar. This variability, due to a combination of cellulose biosynthesis conditions and technological features, allows to obtain different packaging products: papers, boards, regenerated cellulose (cellophane), moulded cellulose, etc. General features of main cellulosic packaging materials are strictly linked with cellulose chemistry.

Keywords

Biopolymer Carbohydrate Cellulose Corrugated board Hemicellulose Lignin Nanocellulose Paperboard Regenerated cellulose 

Abbreviations

CNCs

Cellulose nanocrystals

DP

Degree of polymerisation

OH

Hydroxyl

MW

Molecular weight

MFC

Microfibrillated cellulose

NFC

Nanofibrillated cellulose

References

  1. French A, Bertoniere N, Brown R, Chanzy H, Gray D, Hattori K, Glasser W (2004) Cellulose. In: Seidel A (ed) Kirk-Othmer encyclopedia of chemical technology, vol. 5, 5th edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Guazzotti V, Limbo S, Piergiovanni L, Fengler R, Fiedler D, Gruber L (2015) A study into the potential barrier properties against mineral oils of starch-based coatings on paperboard for food packaging. Food Packag Shelf Life 3:9–18. doi: 10.1016/j.fpsl.2014.09.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Guazzotti V, Marti A, Piergiovanni L, Limbo S (2014) Bio-based coatings as potential barriers to chemical contaminants from recycled paper and board for food packaging. Food Addit Contam Part A 31(3):402–413. doi: 10.1080/19440049.2013.86936 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kirwan MJ (2011) Paper and paperboard packaging. In: Coles R, Kirwan MJ (eds) Food and beverage packaging technology. Wiley-Blackwell, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Lee DS, Yam KL, Piergiovanni L (2008) Cellulose packaging. In: Lee DS, Yam KL, Piergiovanni L (eds) Food packaging science and technology. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  6. Li F, Mascheroni E, Piergiovanni L (2015) The potential of nanocellulose in the packaging field: a review. Packag Technol Sci 28(6):475–564. doi: 10.1002/pts.2121 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Meyabadi TF, Dadashian F (2012) Optimization of enzymatic hydrolysis of waste cotton fibers for nanoparticles production using response surface methodology. Fiber Polym 13(3):313–321. doi: 10.1007/s12221-012-0313-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Piergiovanni L (2009) Packaging in the European Union. In: Yam KL (ed) The Wiley encyclopedia of packaging technology, 3rd edn. Wiley, Hoboken, pp 883–884Google Scholar
  9. Roy D, Semsarilar M, Guthrie JT, Perrier S (2009) Cellulose modification by polymer grafting: a review. Chem Soc Rev 38(7):2046–2064. doi: 10.1039/B808639G CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Staudinger H (1926) Die Chemie der organischen hochmolekularen Stoffe im Sinne der Kekuléschen Strukturlehre. Ber Dtsch Chem Ges 59(12):3019–3043. doi: 10.1002/cber.19260591206 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Yam KL (ed) (2009) The Wiley Encyclopedia of Packaging Technology, 3rd edn. Wiley, Hoboken, p 910Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS)Università degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations