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Physical Activity Measures

  • David R. BassettEmail author
  • Kenneth M. Bielak
Chapter

Abstract

Currently, many Americans do not obtain sufficient levels of physical activity, as identified by the 2008 US Physical Activity Guidelines. This places them at increased risk of mortality/morbidity, as well as diseases such as obesity, diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, and other chronic diseases. Primary care health-care professionals can provide advice or counseling to encourage their sedentary patients to exercise. Although studies examining the efficacy of physician-based counseling have shown conflicting results, this is due in part to differences in study designs, implementation, and patient populations. Simple tools (e.g., very brief questionnaires) can be used to assess where patients stand regarding exercise. These include Physical Activity as a Vital Sign, the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire, and the Stages of Exercise Behavior Change survey. Recent studies conducted in primary care settings over the past 5–10 years indicate that the use of pedometers (in conjunction with a daily step goal, activity log, and follow-up) is helpful in encouraging sedentary patients to increase their levels of physical activity by approximately 2500 steps per day.

Keywords

Physical activity Primary care Counseling Vital sign Pedometer Accelerometer 
ACT

Activity Counseling Trial

ACSM

American College of Sports Medicine

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DHHS

Department of Health and Human Services

EVS

Exercise vital sign

HCPs

Health-care professionals

NIH

National Institutes of Health

PACE

Physician-based Assessment and Counseling for Exercise

PAEE

Physical activity energy expenditure

PAR-Q

Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire

TDEE

Total daily energy expenditure

USPSTF

US Preventative Services Task Force

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport SciencesUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Family MedicineUniversity of Tennessee Medical CenterKnoxvilleUSA

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