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Lifestyle Medicine and Chronic Pulmonary Disease

  • Glen B. Chun
  • Charles A. PowellEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Lifestyle medicine plays an important role in the prevention and management of chronic pulmonary disease. Presently, medical treatment options available for chronic pulmonary diseases can improve respiratory symptoms and quality of life, but scientific evidence shows that attention to lifestyle medicine issues can further enhance the benefit of these therapies. This chapter will focus on four specific chronic pulmonary diseases: cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, and interstitial lung disease. Relevant lifestyle interventions that can significantly improve quality of life in patients with these diseases are discussed.

Keywords

Cystic fibrosis (CF) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Asthma Interstitial lung disease (ILD) 

Abbreviations

ADL

Activities of daily living

BMD

Bone mineral density

BMI

Body mass index

CF

Cystic fibrosis

CFA

Coefficient of fat absorption

CFTR

Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

DASH

Dietary approaches to stop hypertension

DIOS

Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome

DIP

Desquamative interstitial pneumonia

EELV

End-expiratory lung volume

EPI

Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency

ERV

Expiratory reserve volume

FE1

Fecal pancreatic elastase-1

FEV1

Forced expiratory volume at 1 s

FFM

Fat-free mass

FVC

Forced vital capacity

GI

Gastrointestinal

ILD

Interstitial lung disease

IM

Intramuscular

IPF

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

MMA

Methylmalonic acid

NAC

N-acetyl cysteine

NREM

Non-rapid eye movement

OSA

Obstructive sleep apnea

PERT

Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy

PLCH

Pulmonary Langerhans’ cell histiocytosis

PMN

Polymorphonuclear leukocytes

PN

Parenteral nutrition

ppd

Pack per day

RBILD

Respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease

REE

Resting energy expenditure

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

TST

Total sleep time

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep MedicineIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep MedicineIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA

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