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Gastroenterology Disease and Lifestyle Medicine

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Lifestyle Medicine

Abstract

Lifestyle medicine, emphasizing prevention as well as therapy, plays a central role in the understanding and treatment of gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses. This chapter will focus upon specific GI diseases associated with clinical symptoms related to disturbed immune function. Attention will be directed to the pathophysiologic underpinning of the disease process and the role of lifestyle applications preventing or ameliorating the illness. Such consideration will be given to GI reflux disease, peptic ulcer and gastritis, gall bladder disease, pancreatitis, Celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and inflammatory bowel diseases.

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Abbreviations

ADHD:

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

BMI:

Body Mass Index

CD:

Crohn’s disease

CMV:

Cytomegalovirus

DNA:

Deoxyribonucleic acid

EKG:

Electrocardiogram

FISH:

Fluorescence in situ hybridization

FODMAPs:

Fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols

GERD:

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

GI:

Gastrointestinal

HIV:

Human immunodeficiency virus

IBDs:

Inflammatory bowel diseases

IBS:

Irritable bowel syndrome

LES:

Lower esophageal sphincter

NCGS:

Non-celiac gluten sensitivity

NSAIDs:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents

n-3 FA:

Omega-3 fatty acids

n-6 FA:

Omega-6 fatty acids

PCR:

Polymerase chain reaction

PUFA:

Polyunsaturated fatty acids

RD:

Registered dietitian

RNA:

Ribonucleic acid

SCFA:

Short-chain fatty acids

tTG:

Tissue transglutaminase

tTG IgA:

Tissue transglutaminase immunoglobulin A

tLESRs:

Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations

T-RELP:

Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism

UC:

Ulcerative colitis

UDCA:

Ursodeoxycholic acid

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Correspondence to Gerald Friedman MD, MS, PhD .

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© 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

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Friedman, G. (2016). Gastroenterology Disease and Lifestyle Medicine. In: Mechanick, J., Kushner, R. (eds) Lifestyle Medicine. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24687-1_30

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24687-1_30

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