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Gastroenterology Disease and Lifestyle Medicine

  • Gerald FriedmanEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Lifestyle medicine, emphasizing prevention as well as therapy, plays a central role in the understanding and treatment of gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses. This chapter will focus upon specific GI diseases associated with clinical symptoms related to disturbed immune function. Attention will be directed to the pathophysiologic underpinning of the disease process and the role of lifestyle applications preventing or ameliorating the illness. Such consideration will be given to GI reflux disease, peptic ulcer and gastritis, gall bladder disease, pancreatitis, Celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and inflammatory bowel diseases.

Keywords

GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) PUD (peptic ulcer disease) IBD (inflammatory bowel disease) UC (ulcerative colitis) CD (Crohn’s disease) Microbiome IBS (irritable bowel disease) 

Abbreviations

ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

BMI

Body Mass Index

CD

Crohn’s disease

CMV

Cytomegalovirus

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid

EKG

Electrocardiogram

FISH

Fluorescence in situ hybridization

FODMAPs

Fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

GI

Gastrointestinal

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

IBDs

Inflammatory bowel diseases

IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome

LES

Lower esophageal sphincter

NCGS

Non-celiac gluten sensitivity

NSAIDs

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents

n-3 FA

Omega-3 fatty acids

n-6 FA

Omega-6 fatty acids

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

PUFA

Polyunsaturated fatty acids

RD

Registered dietitian

RNA

Ribonucleic acid

SCFA

Short-chain fatty acids

tTG

Tissue transglutaminase

tTG IgA

Tissue transglutaminase immunoglobulin A

tLESRs

Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations

T-RELP

Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism

UC

Ulcerative colitis

UDCA

Ursodeoxycholic acid

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of GastroenterologyIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA

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