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Chronic Kidney Disease

  • Girish N. NadkarniEmail author
  • Joseph A. Vassalotti
Chapter

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects 10–15 % of individuals in industrialized nations and is associated with adverse morbidity and mortality. CKD has many etiologies, although the most common are diabetes and hypertension. In absence of a specific therapy for most causes of CKD, lifestyle modifications are at the forefront in prevention and treatment of this chronic disease that interacts with other chronic diseases characteristic of unhealthy diets, sedentary lifestyle, and aging. This chapter reviews the available evidence for lifestyle interventions targeting the full spectrum of CKD, including healthy diet, physical activity, adequate sleep, and tobacco cessation.

Keywords

Chronic kidney disease Proteinuria Dialysis Exercise Nutrition Sleep Lifestyle 

Abbreviations

ACE

Angiotensin-converting enzyme

ADA

American Diabetes Association

AKI

Acute kidney injury

ARBs

Angiotensin receptor blockers

BP

Blood pressure

BV

Biological value

BUN

Blood urea nitrogen

CKD

Chronic kidney disease

eGFR

Estimated glomerular filtration rate

ESRD

End-stage renal disease

GFR

Gomerular filtration rate

HD

Hemodialysis

HEI

Healthy Eating Index

KDOQI

Kidney disease quality outcomes initiative

MNT

Medical Nutrition Therapy

OSA

Obstructive sleep apnea

PD

Peritoneal dialysis

PSQI

Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index

PUFA

Polyunsaturated fatty acids

RAPA

Rapid assessment of physical activity

RD

Registered dietitian

T

Teaspoonful

T2D

Type-2 diabetes

UACR

Urine albumin/creatinine ratio

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Nephrology, Department of MedicineIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.National Kidney Foundation, Inc.New YorkUSA

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