Promoting Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors in Patients with Persistent Pain
Pain avoidance plays a central role in patients with persistent pain. Health-care professionals can help people with persistent pain through various lifestyle approaches, including values clarification and values connection exercises, mindfulness practices, and behaviors that promote commitment to change. Selected interventions should be implemented in primary care and specialty care settings due to the high prevalence of chronic pain. This chapter provides an evidence-based review of conditions associated with chronic pain, interactions between lifestyle behaviors and the experience of pain, and specific psychological interventions that promote lifestyle behavior change. A case example illustrates the deployment of recommended strategies in both individual and group formats.
KeywordsChronic pain Lifestyle behaviors Acceptance and commitment therapy Primary care behavioral health
Acceptance and commitment therapy
American Psychological Association
Behavioral health consultant
Degenerative disc disease
Electronic health record
Nutrition, exercise, enjoyment, don’t smoke or drink, and sleep
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