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Why Lifestyle Medicine?

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Lifestyle Medicine

Abstract

The question ‘Why Lifestyle Medicine?’ is answered by discussing the concept of chronic diseases and their increased prevalence rates that are resistant to current care models. The great burden of this problem is described and the need for a new chronic disease care model is proposed. Epidemiological dimensions as well as issues with health messaging and campaigns that are scalable to address this problem are presented. A new lifestyle medicine paradigm that incorporates the facets of preventive medicine, wellness, and health promotion, and disease complexity and residual risk is proposed and involves novel tools and metrics, such as the disability-adjusted life year (DALY) and the quality-adjusted life year (QALY). In short, the need for lifestyle medicine is based on persistent drivers of chronic disease and inadequacy of current care models to address complexity, residual risk, and challenging health-care socioeconomics.

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Abbreviations

CDC:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CVD:

Cardiovascular disease

DALY:

Disability-adjusted life year

GBD:

Global burden of disease

HBT:

Health-based target

MMWR:

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

NCD:

Noncommunicable diseases

QALY:

Quality-adjusted life year

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Correspondence to Jeffrey I. Mechanick MD .

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Mechanick, J., Kushner, R. (2016). Why Lifestyle Medicine?. In: Mechanick, J., Kushner, R. (eds) Lifestyle Medicine. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24687-1_1

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