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Integrative Medicine

  • Melinda Ring
  • Leslie Mendoza TempleEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Integrative medicine, or integrative health care, is a field of medicine that unites a strong focus on lifestyle medicine and prevention with the inclusion of safe and effective options from a wide range of complementary and alternative disciplines. Given the high percentage of patients seeking out integrative approaches, as well as the increasing presence of integrative medicine in US hospitals, health care systems, and academic medical centers, it is essential that health care providers be familiar with the available options, risk–benefit data, and trusted resources for information. This chapter provides an overview of the evolving field of integrative medicine, its relation to lifestyle medicine, and how current research might be used to counsel a patient with type 2 diabetes with regard to dietary supplements, mind–body medicine, manual therapies, energy medicine, and whole healing systems.

Keywords

Integrative medicine Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) Acupuncture massage Energy medicine Dietary supplements Naturopathic medicine Functional medicine Homeopathy 

Abbreviations

ANC

Academic naturopathic clinic

BMI

Body mass index

CAM

Complementary and alternative medicine

CI

Confidence interval

DNS

Diabetic neuropathy symptom

FFMQ

Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire

HPUS

Homeopathic Pharmacopeia of the United States

HT

Healing touch

IFM

Institute for Functional Medicine

LAc

Licensed acupuncturists

MBSR

Mindfulness-based stress reduction

MSQ

Medical Symptom Questionnaire

NCCAM

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

NCRCI

National Center for Research on Complementary and Integrative Health

NDs

Naturopathic doctors

PHS

Public Health Service

RCT

Randomized controlled trial

SDSC

Summary Diabetes Self-Care Activities Questionnaire

SF-12

Short Form 12

TCM

Traditional Chinese medicine

T2D

Type-2 diabetes

TM

Transcendental meditation

TT

Therapeutic touch

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Osher Center for Integrative Medicine at Northwestern UniversityNorthwestern Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  2. 2.NorthShore University HealthSystem Integrative Medicine ProgramUniversity of Chicago Pritzker School of MedicineGlenviewUSA

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