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Sleep Management

  • Kelly Glazer BaronEmail author
  • Leland Bardsley
Chapter

Abstract

It is estimated that 50–70 million Americans suffer from sleep/wake disorders. Social and occupational demands lead a significant portion of the population to curtail their sleep, which can lead to consequences for physical, emotional, cognitive health, and public safety. Sleep is a behavior that is highly influenced by lifestyle factors, including stress, diet, and exercise. Maintaining a healthful lifestyle is critical to sleep and often included in the treatment recommendations for sleep disorders. The goal of this chapter is to describe the relationship between sleep and physical health and the role that lifestyle medicine plays in the management of sleep and sleep disorders. Basic concepts of sleep and sleep assessment are introduced and then the relationship between sleep and health is described. Next, the most prevalent sleep disorders are discussed, including insufficient sleep syndrome, insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and shift work disorder. The final section of this chapter reviews lifestyle recommendations to extend sleep duration for those with chronic insufficient sleep and behavioral recommendations for promoting good sleep habits in general, as well as recommended treatments for common sleep disorders in particular. This chapter demonstrates that adequate sleep duration is determined by both biological and behavioral factors. Sleep health can be significantly improved, even treated, with lifestyle intervention. Furthermore, sleeping well is one of the benefits of adherence to common lifestyle recommendations, including stress reduction, regular exercise, and achieving/maintaining a healthy weight.

Keywords

Sleep Insomnia Sleep apnea Cognitive behavioral therapy Positive airway pressure Shift work 

Abbreviations

AHI

Apnea–hypopnea index

CBT-I

Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia

CPAP

Continuous positive airway pressure

ECG

Electrocardiogram

EEG

Electroencephalogram

EMG

Electromyogram

EOG

Electrooculogram

ICSD3

International Classification of Sleep Disorders, third edition

OSA

Obstructive sleep apnea

PAP

Positive airway pressure

PSG

Polysomnogram

REM

Rapid eye movement

SCN

Suprachiasmatic nucleus

STOP

Snoring, Tired, Obesity, blood Pressure

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurology, Feinberg School of MedicineNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Illinois Institute of TechnologyChicagoUSA

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