Physical Activity Programs

  • Damon Swift
  • Neil M. Johannsen
  • Timothy Church


There are substantial data demonstrating that regular physical activity has significant health benefits. However, until relatively recently, there has been no federally supported physical activity recommendations as there have been for decades for diet. In 2008, the first Federal Physical Activity Guidelines were released which recommend that adults should participate in at least 150 min (2 h and 30 min) a week of moderate-intensity, or 75 min (1 h and 15 min) a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity aerobic activity. In addition to aerobic activity, adults should also participate in muscle-strengthening activities (resistance training) that involve all major muscle groups on 2 or more days a week. While there remain many areas that need more research, the available literature strongly supports the current guidelines, and these guidelines should serve as foundation for a clinical exercise prescription.


Exercise Physical activity Fitness Mortality Diabetes Resistance training 



Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study


Aerobic training/resistance training


Body Mass Index


Coronary artery risk development in young adults


Coronary heart disease


Cardiorespiratory fitness


Cardiovascular disease


Diabetes aerobic and resistance exercise


Dose response to exercise in women


Fasting blood glucose


High-density lipoproteins


Low-density lipoprotein


Metabolic equivalents of task


Oral glucose tolerance test


Physical activity


Studies of targeted risk reduction intervention through defined exercise


Type-2 diabetes




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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Damon Swift
    • 1
  • Neil M. Johannsen
    • 2
  • Timothy Church
    • 1
  1. 1.Preventive Medicine LaboratoryPennington Biomedical Research CenterBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.School of KinesiologyLSU College of Human Sciences and EducationBaton RougeUSA

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