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Physical Activity Programs

  • Damon Swift
  • Neil M. Johannsen
  • Timothy Church
Chapter

Abstract

There are substantial data demonstrating that regular physical activity has significant health benefits. However, until relatively recently, there has been no federally supported physical activity recommendations as there have been for decades for diet. In 2008, the first Federal Physical Activity Guidelines were released which recommend that adults should participate in at least 150 min (2 h and 30 min) a week of moderate-intensity, or 75 min (1 h and 15 min) a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity aerobic activity. In addition to aerobic activity, adults should also participate in muscle-strengthening activities (resistance training) that involve all major muscle groups on 2 or more days a week. While there remain many areas that need more research, the available literature strongly supports the current guidelines, and these guidelines should serve as foundation for a clinical exercise prescription.

Keywords

Exercise Physical activity Fitness Mortality Diabetes Resistance training 

Abbreviations

ACLS

Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study

AT/RT

Aerobic training/resistance training

BMI

Body Mass Index

CARDIA

Coronary artery risk development in young adults

CHD

Coronary heart disease

CRF

Cardiorespiratory fitness

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

DARE

Diabetes aerobic and resistance exercise

DREW

Dose response to exercise in women

FBG

Fasting blood glucose

HDL

High-density lipoproteins

LDL

Low-density lipoprotein

MET

Metabolic equivalents of task

OGTT

Oral glucose tolerance test

PA

Physical activity

STRRIDE

Studies of targeted risk reduction intervention through defined exercise

T2D

Type-2 diabetes

TG

Triglyceride

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Damon Swift
    • 1
  • Neil M. Johannsen
    • 2
  • Timothy Church
    • 1
  1. 1.Preventive Medicine LaboratoryPennington Biomedical Research CenterBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.School of KinesiologyLSU College of Human Sciences and EducationBaton RougeUSA

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