The Capsular Opening

  • Jeff H. PetteyEmail author
  • Craig Chaya
  • Kimberly Lavin


The high rate of complications associated with intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE) surgery was the impetus for a safer surgical technique. The optimal technique would reduce the size of the incision, minimize corneal trauma, preserve the posterior capsule, and allow for posterior chamber IOL implantation. Thus, in the late 1960s, extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) quickly supplanted intracapsular cataract surgery as the dominant cataract surgery technique [1, 2]. In a similar fashion, different anterior capsular opening styles emerged to take advantage of the benefits of ECCE techniques. Each capsular opening technique developed either out of necessity (e.g., limited access to capsular stains, OVDs, etc.) or with refinements in surgical technique.


Anterior Chamber Cataract Surgery Posterior Capsule Anterior Capsule Straight Needle 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.OphthalmologyUniversity of Utah Moran Eye CenterSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.OphthalmologyJohn A. Moran Eye Center/University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  3. 3.MacNeal Hospital Transitional Year ProgramBerwynUSA

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