Advertisement

Towards Detecting Misalignment Symptoms: An Alignment Perspective-Driven Architecture-Matching Framework

  • Dóra ŐriEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 231)

Abstract

When assessing the harmony between business and information systems most of traditional studies deal with the presence and the achievement of strategic alignment. On the contrary, exiguous attention is paid to the phenomenon of strategic misalignment, which means the absence or difficulties of business-IT alignment. This paper deals with strategic misalignment between business and information systems. It proposes an enterprise architecture (EA)-based approach to detect the symptoms of misalignment in enterprise architecture models. The proposed framework aims to perform an EA-based systematic analysis of mismatches between the business dimension and the IT dimension. It collects typical misalignment symptoms along the traditional alignment perspectives and connects them to relevant EA analysis types. The paper discusses the typical signs of strategic misalignment between business and information systems detected in different EA domain matches. Suitable EA analysis types are recommended to the detected signs of misalignment.

Keywords

Strategic alignment perspectives Enterprise architecture alignment Misalignment symptoms Enterprise architecture analysis 

References

  1. 1.
    Aier, S., Winter, R.: Virtual decoupling for IT/business alignment – conceptual foundations, architecture design and implementation example. Bus. Inf. Syst. Eng. 2009(2), 150–163 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baets, W.: Aligning information systems with business strategy. J. Strateg. Inf. Syst. 1(4), 205–213 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Buckl, S., Matthes, F., Schweda, C.M.: Classifying enterprise architecture analysis approaches. In: Poler, R., van Sinderen, M., Sanchis, R. (eds.) IWEI 2009. LNBIP, vol. 38, pp. 66–79. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Buckl, S., Buschle, M., Johnson, P., Matthes, F., Schweda, C.M.: A meta-language for enterprise architecture analysis. In: Halpin, T., Nurcan, S., Krogstie, J., Soffer, P., Proper, E., Schmidt, R., Bider, I. (eds.) BPMDS 2011 and EMMSAD 2011. LNBIP, vol. 81, pp. 511–525. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Buschle, M., Ullberg, J., Franke, U., Lagerström, R., Sommestad, T.: A tool for enterprise architecture analysis using the PRM formalism. In: Soffer, P., Proper, E. (eds.) CAiSE Forum 2010. LNBIP, vol. 72, pp. 108–121. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Carvalho, G., Sousa, P.: Business and Information Systems MisAlignment Model (BISMAM): an holistic model leveraged on misalignment and medical sciences approaches. In: Johannesson, P., Gordijn, J. (eds.) Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Business/IT Alignment and Interoperability (BUSITAL 2008). CEUR, vol. 336, pp. 104–119. CEUR-WS, Aachen (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Castellanos, C., Correal, D.: KALCAS: a framework for semi-automatic alignment of data and business processes architectures. In: Morzy, T., Härder, T., Wrembel, R. (eds.) ADBIS 2012. LNCS, vol. 7503, pp. 111–124. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chan, Y.E., Reich, B.H.: IT alignment: what have we learned? J. Inf. Technol. 22(2007), 297–315 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Clark, T., Barn, B.S., Oussena, S.: A method for enterprise architecture alignment. In: Proper, E., Gaaloul, K., Harmsen, F., Wrycza, S. (eds.) PRET 2012. LNBIP, vol. 120, pp. 48–76. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Coleman, P., Papp, R.: Strategic alignment: analysis of perspectives. In: Murray, M., Weistroffer, H.R. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2006 Southern Association for Information Systems Conference, pp. 242–250. MPublishing, Michigan (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Henderson, J.C., Venkatraman, N.: Strategic alignment: leveraging information technology for transforming organizations. IBM Syst. J. 32(1), 4–16 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lankhorst, M.: Enterprise Architecture at Work. Modelling, Communication and Analysis. Springer, Heidelberg (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Niemann, K.D.: From Enterprise Architecture to IT Governance. Elements of Effective IT Management. Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlag, Wiesbaden (2006)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Noran, O.: A decision support framework for collaborative networks. Int. J. Prod. Res. 47(17), 4813–4832 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pereira, C.M., Sousa, P.: Enterprise architecture: business and IT alignment. In: ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, pp. 1344–1345. ACM, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Saat, J., Franke, U., Lagerström, R., Ekstedt, M.: Enterprise architecture meta models for it/business alignment situations. In: 14th IEEE International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference, pp. 14–23. IEEE Press, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Scott Morton, M.S.: The Corporation of the 1990s: Information technology and organizational transformation. Oxford Press, London (1991)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sousa, P., Pereira, C.M., Marques, J.A.: Enterprise architecture alignment heuristics. Microsoft Architects J. 4, 34–39 (2005)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Strong, D.M., Volkoff, O.: Understanding organization-enterprise system fit: a path to theorizing the information technology artifact. MIS Q. 34(4), 731–756 (2010)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF). http://theopengroup.org/
  22. 22.
    Ullberg, J., Franke, U., Buschle, M., Johnson, P.: A tool for interoperability analysis of enterprise architecture models using Pi-OCL. In: Popplewell, K., Harding, J., Poler, R., Chalmeta, R. (eds.) Enterprise Interoperability IV. Making the Internet of the Future for the Future of Enterprises, pp. 81–90. Springer, London (2010)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wagter, R., Proper, H., Witte, D.: A practice-based framework for enterprise coherence. In: Proper, E., Gaaloul, K., Harmsen, F., Wrycza, S. (eds.) PRET 2012. LNBIP, vol. 120, pp. 77–95. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wegmann, A., Regev, G., Rychkova, I., Lam-Son, L., de la Cruz, J.D., Julia, P.: Business and IT alignment with SEAM for enterprise architecture. In: 11th IEEE International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference, pp. 111–121. IEEE Press, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zachman, J.A.: A framework for information systems architecture. IBM Syst. J. 26(3), 276–292 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information SystemsCorvinus University of BudapestBudapestHungary

Personalised recommendations